Richard Jewell For Apple 8K







American security guard Richard Jewell saves thousands of lives from an exploding bomb at the 1996 Olympics, but is vilified by journalists and the press who falsely reported that he was a terrorist

runtime - 131 Minutes

ratings - 8,4 / 10 stars

Genre - Crime


Richard jewell movie review. What's the name of this song in this trailer. T H E O S C A R W I N N E R I S A L R E A D Y K L A U S (jk, but please have Klaus the animated winner. Richard jewell interview. Richard jewell box office. CNN is fake news, as well as any liberal radical left media. Richard jewell documentary. 🤔 Have they found Hillary's emails yet. The first girl is what we call an Crisis Actor boys and girls. Released December 13, 2019 R, 2 hr 11 min Drama Tell us where you are Looking for movie tickets? Enter your location to see which movie theaters are playing Richard Jewell near you. ENTER CITY, STATE OR ZIP CODE GO Fandango FANALERT Sign up for a FANALERT and be the first to know when tickets and other exclusives are available in your area. Also sign me up for FanMail to get updates on all things movies: tickets, special offers, screenings + more. Richard Jewell: Trailer 1 1 of 4 Richard Jewell Synopsis A security guard becomes the FBI's prime suspect when a bomb explodes during the 1996 Olympics. Read Full Synopsis Movie Reviews Presented by Rotten Tomatoes More Info Rated R, For Language, Brief Bloody Images and Some Sexual References.

Richard jewell 2019 trailer. Credit. Greg Gibson/Associated Press, 1997 ATLANTA, Aug. 29 — Richard A. Jewell, whose transformation from heroic security guard to Olympic bombing suspect and back again came to symbolize the excesses of law enforcement and the news media, died Wednesday at his home in Woodbury, Ga. He was 44. The cause of death was not released, pending the results of an autopsy that will be performed Thursday by the Georgia Bureau of Investigation. But the coroner in Meriwether County, about 60 miles southwest of here, said that Mr. Jewell died of natural causes and that he had battled serious medical problems since learning he had diabetes in February. The coroner, Johnny E. Worley, said that Mr. Jewells wife, Dana, came home from work Wednesday morning to check on him after not being able to reach him by telephone. She found him dead on the floor of their bedroom, he said. Mr. Worley said Mr. Jewell had suffered kidney failure and had had several toes amputated since the diabetes diagnosis. “He just started going downhill ever since, ” Mr. Worley said. The heavy-set Mr. Jewell, with a country drawl and a deferential manner, became an instant celebrity after a bomb exploded in Centennial Olympic Park in Atlanta in the early hours of July 27, 1996, at the midpoint of the Summer Games. The explosion, which propelled hundreds of nails through the darkness, killed one woman, injured 111 people and changed the mood of the Olympiad. Only minutes earlier, Mr. Jewell, who was working a temporary job as a guard, had spotted the abandoned green knapsack that contained the bomb, called it to the attention of the police, and started moving visitors away from the area. He was praised for the quick thinking that presumably saved lives. But three days later, he found himself identified in an article in The Atlanta Journal as the focus of police attention, leading to several searches of his apartment and surveillance by the Federal Bureau of Investigation and by reporters who set upon him, he would later say, “like piranha on a bleeding cow. ” The investigation by local, state and federal law enforcement officers lasted until late October 1996 and included a number of bungled tactics, including an F. B. I. agents effort to question Mr. Jewell on camera under the pretense of making a training film. In October 1996, when it became obvious that Mr. Jewell had not been involved in the bombing, the Justice Department formally cleared him. “The tragedy was that his sense of duty and diligence made him a suspect, ” said John R. Martin, one of Mr. Jewells lawyers. “He really prided himself on being a professional police officer, and the irony is that he became the poster child for the wrongly accused. ” In 2005, Eric R. Rudolph, a North Carolina man who became a suspect in the subsequent bombing of an abortion clinic in Birmingham, Ala., pleaded guilty to the Olympic park attack. He is serving a life sentence. Even after being cleared, Mr. Jewell said he never felt he could outrun his notoriety. He sued several major news media outlets and won settlements from NBC and CNN. His libel case against his primary nemesis, Cox Enterprises, the Atlanta newspapers parent company, wound through the courts for a decade without resolution, though much of it was dismissed along the way. After memories of the case subsided, Mr. Jewell took jobs with several small Georgia law enforcement agencies, most recently as a Meriwether County sheriffs deputy in 2005. Col. Chuck Smith, the chief deputy, called Mr. Jewell “very, very conscientious” and said he also served as a training officer and firearms instructor. Jewell is survived by his wife and by his mother, Barbara. Last year, Mr. Jewell received a commendation from Gov. Sonny Perdue, who publicly thanked him on behalf of the state for saving lives at the Olympics.

Notice when the reporter said looking for that key piece of evidence. This man was convicted by the biggest weapon of mass deception there ever was. Critics Consensus Richard Jewell simplifies the real-life events that inspired it. yet still proves that Clint Eastwood remains a skilled filmmaker of admirable economy. 75% TOMATOMETER Total Count: 240 96% Audience Score Verified Ratings: 6, 103 Richard Jewell Ratings & Reviews Explanation Tickets & Showtimes The movie doesn't seem to be playing near you. Go back Enter your location to see showtimes near you. Richard Jewell Videos Photos Movie Info Directed by Clint Eastwood and based on true events, Richard Jewell" is a story of what happens when what is reported as fact obscures the truth. "There is a bomb in Centennial Park. You have thirty minutes. The world is first introduced to Richard Jewell as the security guard who reports finding the device at the 1996 Atlanta bombing-his report making him a hero whose swift actions save countless lives. But within days, the law enforcement wannabe becomes the FBI's number one suspect, vilified by press and public alike, his life ripped apart. Reaching out to independent, anti-establishment attorney Watson Bryant, Jewell staunchly professes his innocence. But Bryant finds he is out of his depth as he fights the combined powers of the FBI, GBI and APD to clear his client's name, while keeping Richard from trusting the very people trying to destroy him. Rating: R (for language including some sexual references, and brief bloody images) Genre: Directed By: Written By: In Theaters: Dec 13, 2019 wide Runtime: 129 minutes Studio: Warner Bros. Pictures Cast News & Interviews for Richard Jewell Critic Reviews for Richard Jewell Audience Reviews for Richard Jewell Richard Jewell Quotes News & Features.

Richard jewell wikipedia. There is a reason why this newspaper is known as the Atlanta Urinal Constitution. The FBI knew within 72 hours Richard Jewell was innoncent. but they leaked his name to the media, so the media and FBI could try to convict him through public opinion instead of evidence. funny. fast forward to 2016 to present day, it almost repeating itself with a sitting President. ☆☆ no evidence. fucked up and lied about everything. So they (FBI and Media plus Dems) are doing everything they can to convict through. Public Opinion. thank God for the internet, now we can rely on ourselves to look up all the information and decide. it ain't looking good for the They.

HD 1 yorum Film "Şüpheli: Olimpik Bombalama" kitabından uyarlanmıştır. Atlanta, Georgia'daki 1996 yaz olimpiyatlarına yapılan saldırıyı ve sonrasında Richard Jewell'in hayatını izliyoruz. 1986 yılında Richard Jewell, çalışanlara ofis malzemeleri getiren küçük bir kamu hukuku firmasında kapıcı olarak çalışmaktadır. Personelden bazıları tarafından fazla kilolu olduğu için alay konusu olur. Patronu avukat Watson Bryant ile bilgisayar oyunları ve şeker çubukları üzerinden bir ilişki kurar. Daha sonra kolluk kuvvetlerinde çalışma arzusunun bir parçası olarak Piedmont Koleji'nde güvenlik görevlisi olur. Ancak yetkisinin ötesinde hareket ettiği için öğrencilerden çok sayıda şikayete maruz kalır. 10 yıl sonra, üniversitenin dekanı tarafından kovulur. Atlanta'ya geri döner. 1996 yazında Atlanta'daki olimpiyat oyunlarında güvenlik görevlisi sıfatıyla geçici olarak işe girer. Jewell, olay yerindeki çeşitli konser ve etkinlikler sırasında Centennial Park'ta düzenli kolluk kuvvetleriyle birlikte çalışır. 27 Temmuz 1996 sabahı gece yarısından bir süre sonra, Jack Mack ve Kalp Saldırısı'nın müzikal performansı sırasında NBC yayın kulesinin yanındaki bir bankın altında şüpheli bir sırt çantası fark eder. Kısa bir süre sonra kimliği belirsiz bir erkek 911 servisini bir ankesörlü telefondan arar ve bomba ihbarı yapar. Bir patlayıcı uzmanı gelir ve sırt çantasını inceledikten sonra, paketin patlayıcı bir cihaz içerdiğini keşfeder. Gerçek olaylara dayanan bu biyografik filmi seveceksiniz. 2 ay önce XB VERSİYON HD SÜRÜM. Filme Yorum Yaz Film Hakkındaki Yorumlar caner 1 ay önce Sürükleyici 6/10.

Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. See actions taken by the people who manage and post content. Page created - September 16, 2019 It looks like you may be having problems playing this video. If so, please try restarting your browser. Close Recommended by 229 people Great movie, very well acted Wonderful movie, very touching and intense. This movie is a masterpiece with a wonderful direction and top actors. I Loved this film so much tha. t it will remain forever in my heart. Many congrats and a big thanks to Clint Eastwood and to all the cast! See More Richard Jewell - Now playing Richard Jewell - Now playing Richard Jewell - Now playing.

I LOVE it when movies are based of documents I can research before the movies release. Richard Jewell (Official Trailer) Sandy Schaefer Oct 3, 2019 Paul Walter Hauser, Sam Rockwell, and more star in the trailer for Clint Eastwood's true story based dramatic thriller, Richard Jewell. Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Movie Gets A 2019 Release Date Q. V. Hough Sep 27, 2019 Warner Bros. announces a December release date for the awards season contender Richard Jewell. Clint Eastwood's latest began filming in June. Jon Hamm & Olivia Wilde Join Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Dan Zinski Jun 18, 2019 Mad Men's Jon Hamm and TRON: Legacy's Olivia Wilde join the cast of director Clint Eastwood's next movie, The Ballad Of Richard Jewell. Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Movie Casts BlacKkKlansman Actor Jun 12, 2019 Paul Walter Hauser (BlacKkKlansman) is starring opposite Sam Rockwell in Clint Eastwood's upcoming true story-based drama, Richard Jewell. Clint Eastwoods The Ballad Of Richard Jewell Casts Sam Rockwell Chris Agar Jun 10, 2019 Oscar winner Sam Rockwell is in final negotiations to play an attorney in Clint Eastwood's new drama, The Ballad of Richard Jewell. Disney Drops Multiple Fox Movie Projects Post Deal Apr 24, 2019 Disney drops several developing Fox movie projects following its purchase of the studio's assets, but plans to continue working on other ones. Clint Eastwood Eyeing To Direct The Ballad of Richard Jewell Apr 18, 2019 Clint Eastwood is once again eyeing to direct The Ballad of Richard Jewell, a drama based on the true story of the 1996 Olympics bombing. Jonah Hill's Richard Jewell Movie Lands OJ: Made in America Director Dana Getz Nov 15, 2016 Jonah Hill's Richard Jewell drama finds its director in Ezra Edelman, who recently helmed the acclaimed OJ: Made in America documentary. Clint Eastwood May Direct Hill & DiCaprio's Olympics Bombing Drama Apr 1, 2015 Clint Eastwood is circling the Richard Jewell biopic that Jonah Hill is set to headline, with Leonardo DiCaprio potentially costarring. DiCaprio & Hill's Olympics Bombing Drama Eyed by Paul Greengrass Sep 11, 2014 Director Paul Greengrass (Captain Phillips) is eying the Richard Jewell memoir that has Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill attached to star.

Richard jewell net worth. I just hope Clint Eastwood included how one of Jewells former employers, a private college in NE Georgia, falsely labels him as a person of interest in the ensuing media storm after the late president fingered him as someone “to keep an eye on/that fit the profile”... to fan the flames of speculation that basically ruined Jewells life. The FBI leak the name of Jewell to the media. And the media haven't change spreading fake news. The Irony of this video the Jewell did win suing this media companies.

Gentlemen Directors of warner, I am Brazilian I know that whatever for you. But I have an idea for you to make your pocket in billions and billions of dollars! For only in my country did the whole population love jared as a joker! Also it seems that in Japan until then you guys have idea! so i know i'm not someone i would have for you guys but i brought this warning and this idea before you guys release the 2 joker movie. because you have no idea how you will revolutionize the history of cinema and the joker comics if you put jared leto back as a joker! Maybe I'm a psychic! but make sure! If you put jared leto back, you story will totally change, and the box office will go up and up! Do at least 1 sequel with him and you will see that there are psychics yes.

Clint Eastwood makes a media hating, FBI hating overtly sexist film? Colour me shocked... Richard jewell true story. Paul Walter Hauser (center) stars as Richard Jewel l, the hero and FBI suspect of the 1996 Olympic bombing. Warner Brothers Pictures hide caption toggle caption There's no post-credits scene at the end of director Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell, a good-acting, bad-faith dramatization of the plight of a wrongfully accused security guard at the 1996 Olympic Games. But if you stay put through all of them, patiently sheltering in place until minute 132, you'll strain your eyes to read this advisory: The film is based on actual historical events. Dialogue and certain events and characters contained in the film were created for the purposes of dramatization. Jewell, a 33-year-old who'd been dismissed from jobs as a campus police officer and sheriff's deputy, discovered a bomb in Atlanta's Centennial Park. He was helping to evacuate the area when the device exploded, only to find himself publicly identified as the prime suspect. (Jewell was ultimately cleared of wrongdoing, after being put through the wringer of public scrutiny. Anyway, that lawerly little paragraph follows, by several minutes, two larger title cards explaining that Billy Ray's screenplay was based on two nonfiction pieces, a 1997 Vanity Fair story by Marie Brenner and The Suspect, a book by Kent Alexander and Kevin Salwen that was just published last month. But nowhere in either will you find any evidence that Kathy Scruggs and Ron Martz's Page One Atlanta Journal Constitution story — which accurately reported that the FBI was considered Jewell a suspect — only happened because Scruggs (Olivia Wilde) offered the lead FBI investigator (Jon Hamm) a sexual favor in exchange for a tip. In the movie's imagined scenario, they're not lovers sharing careless pillow talk; it's explicitly an exchange. "Should we get a room or just go to my car. Wilde asks. I'm using the actor's name here instead of that the character she's playing to highlight the movie's fundamental unfairness: Scruggs was a real person who died of a prescription drug overdose in 2001, while Hamm's G-man is a made-up character by the made-up name of Tom Shaw. (The real FBI agent believed to have tipped off Scruggs, Donald Johnson, has also died at a relatively young age in the intervening years, as has Jewell himself. Had Ray opted to give his reckless reporter — the one he introduces to us an amoral ladder-climber who announces to her boss "I'm getting my [breasts] done" — an imaginary name too, his artistic license would remain current and valid. But he didn't, and that act of malice undermines everything of value in Richard Jewell. This film about the smearing of an innocent man is itself a hit piece. And unlike that unfortunate AJC story, it's an utterly intentional one. While the editors of the AJC were guilty of poor judgment in their handling of a fast-breaking news story, the 89-year-old director of Richard Jewell has had 23 years (during which he has directed 22 feature films) to get it right. Why might he have chosen, at this perilous moment in our history, to make a movie that depicts not just the press but also the FBI as fundamentally corrupt and uninterested in the truth? The agents in the film trade on Jewell's desperation to be one of their peers ( I'm law enforcement, too" he tells them repeatedly, never once sounding like he believes it) to try to trick him into confessing while dismissing physical evidence that indicates he couldn't have done it — at least not without an accomplice, which torpedoes the lone-bomber psychological profile they insist fits Jewell to a T. In the movie's most adroit scene, he proves incapable of abstaining from small talk with the army of FBI evidence technicians searching the apartment he and his mother share, despite his lawyer's instructions to keep his mouth shut. Technically, Eastwood tells the story with his usual efficiency: unfussy camerawork, mild, infrequent scoring. Wilde and Hamm both seem deeply bored, but the movie's three key performances — Paul Walter Hauser as Jewell, Sam Rockwell as his attorney Watson Bryant, and Kathy Bates as Bobbi Jewell, the wrongfully accused man's mother — are strong. These are good actors, but then again they're playing the only characters Ray's screenplay allows to exhibit more than one personality trait. Hauser is the biggest revelation given his relative lack of familiarity; he was memorable as a deluded doofus with tough-guy aspirations in I, Tonya. That's a much wilder, more brazenly imaginative account of a splashy mid-90s news story than Richard Jewell is. Ironically, it's a more honest one, too.

THE FBI IS at the root of many many. This is really eerie for me b/c I actually remember Tom Brokaw reporting that the FBI had enough to prosecute & convict him. So sad. That's looks good. It's not political. ok Hollywood liberal. Can't let anyone compare what they did to RJ to what is being done daily to another American hero, right? By boldly repeating not political a few times, guess what, you made it political.

Jewel, Duke lacrosse players, nick sandmann. Richard jewel box. I love Kathy Bates. One of the truly great American actors (women who act are actors, not “actresses”) of our time. どっか見たことある顔のような... Richard jewell stories. Richard jewell kino. Richard jewell trailer music. Richard jewell 60 minutes. Half blame the FBI (government) and half blame the media (governments mouth peice. Wake up the government speaks through the media. Both are sick. Think freely.

Richard jewell cause of death. Great interview. I'm glad Richard Jewells story is being told.  It wasn't just the media but the bungling incompetent FBI who railroaded him.  He is a true American Hero. Richard jewell reviews.

Richard jewell olympic bombing case. This is a cool breakdown. I would have liked at the end a tally of what was right vs wrong. Latest Articles Movie Details Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Movie Under Fire for Journalist Sex Trade Implications Nov 21, 2019 Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell biopic has been criticized for implying that a female journalist traded sex for information. Richard Jewell Trailer: There Is a Bomb in Centennial Park, You Have 30 Minutes Kevin Burwick Oct 3, 2019 Paul Walter Hauser stars in Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell, a story of what happens when what is reported as fact obscures the truth. Clint Eastwood Circles Back to Direct Richard Jewell Biopic for Disney Kevin Burwick Apr 19, 2019 It looks like The Ballad of Richard Jewell, which was already in development at Fox, might be still be in the works at Disney. Eastwood May Direct Olympic Bombing Drama with DiCaprio & Hill Apr 1, 2015 Clint Eastwood considers directing the untitled biopic on Olympic security guard Richard Jewell, with Jonah Hill attached to star. Paul Greengrass Eyed for DiCaprio & Hill Olympics Bombing Drama Sep 11, 2014 Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill star in American Nightmare, centering on the 1996 Olympic bombing. Captain Phillips Writer Billy Ray to Pen The Ballad of Richard Jewell Mar 5, 2014 Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill reunite for this project centering on the 1996 Atlanta Olympics bombing.

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Richard jewell (2019.

American security guard, Richard Jewell, heroically saves thousands of lives from an exploding bomb at the 1996 Olympics, but is unjustly vilified by journalists and the press who falsely report that he was a terrorist. Director: Clint Eastwood Writer: Billy Ray Starring: Paul Walter Hauser, Sam Rockwell, Kathy Bates, Jon Hamm, Olivia Wilde, Nina Arianda Producers: Andy Berman, Leonardo DiCaprio, Jonah Hill, Kevin Misher, Jennifer Davisson, Clint Eastwood » See full cast & crew 5 fans 96 Blu-ray collections 2 Digital collections 5 iTunes collections 3 MA collections Richard Jewell Review Review by, December 12, 2019 While in possession of an unwieldly filmography, there was once a time when Clint Eastwood could be counted on to deliver compelling character studies with some degree of dramatic grit. He�s even made a few masterpieces along the way. However, the Eastwood of today doesn�t care much for nuanced understandings of behavior, now perfectly content to film community theater productions in the least amount of time possible. After last year�s head-slappingly clumsy �The Mule, � Eastwood returns with �Richard Jewell, � which offers a shockingly simplistic take on the 1996 Centennial Park Bombing, with t... more. 7. 6 768 Good Night, and Good Luck. 2005 6. 8 1, 013 Syriana 2005 6. 8 82 Truth 2015 5. 7 36 Zipper 2015 5. 7 122 The Fifth Estate 2013 6. 5 176 Parkland 2013 7. 1 1, 278 The Ides of March 2011 7. 1 53 The War Within 2005 6. 6 84 Shadow Dancer 2012 6. 7 237 Rendition 2007 7. 3 129 All the King's Men 1949 8. 4 1, 003 Network 1976 5. 6 82 City Hall 1996 5. 4 78 Serena 2014 8. 1 739 Spotlight 2015 6. 2 274 To Rome with Love 2012 Show more titles » Similar titles suggested by members Related products 16" x 24" 27" x 40" See all related products ».

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Richard jewell 2019. Clint Eastwood has been hit or miss for many years with the latter years of his career being more miss than hit. I did really like The Mule, which was his latest effort. It was funny and engaged the viewers. The story of Richard Jewell is one that I did not know about but I was willing to check it out and see if Eastwood good go on a winning streak of sorts. I'm happy to say that Richard Jewell was actually really entertaining and has a very well acted performance by Paul Walter Hauser.
The film is about the true story about a security guard who located a pipe bomb in 1996 during a celebration in Atlanta's Centennial Olympic Park. While the bombing did injure around 100 people, the acts of the guard prevented more chaos. However, after the incidents the hero soon becomes the suspect as the FBI become relentless in their pursuit of Jewell being the lead suspect, despite Jewell not being involved with the crime. The film also stars Jon Hamm, Sam Rockwell, Olivia Wilde, and Kathy Bates.

Hauser is really good in this film. I liked his role in I, Tonya and he shows here he can handle a lead. Rockwell is always on form and one of my very favorites. Bates also has a rather understated but powerful role. The film does well to capture the feelings of panic after the bombing and really does a job of portraying the events that transpired. There's been controversy recently because of the negative portrayal of reporter Kathy Scruggs. I don't know if its true that the journalist was like that however her death from overdose must have been tragic, especially as it likely stemmed from the Jewell case.

I'm not sure a lot of it was as factual as it can be but Eastwood brings a very digestible and watchable effort that shows how hard it is to show innocence with circumstances look like they are going against you. After seeing the worst film of the year yesterday, I am glad to have seen something that I really liked. Clint Eastwood's directorial career lives on and feels as fresh as ever.


Richard Jewell Theatrical release poster Directed by Clint Eastwood Produced by Tim Moore Jessica Meier Kevin Misher Leonardo DiCaprio Jennifer Davisson Jonah Hill Clint Eastwood Screenplay by Billy Ray Based on "American Nightmare: The Ballad of Richard Jewell" by Marie Brenner Starring Paul Walter Hauser Sam Rockwell Kathy Bates Jon Hamm Olivia Wilde Music by Arturo Sandoval Cinematography Yves Bélanger Edited by Joel Cox Production company Malpaso Productions Appian Way Productions Misher Films 75 Year Plan Productions Distributed by Warner Bros. Pictures Release date November 20, 2019 ( AFI Fest) December 13, 2019 (United States) Running time 129 minutes [1] Country United States Language English Budget 45 million [2] Box office 35 million [3] 4] Richard Jewell is a 2019 American biographical drama film directed and produced by Clint Eastwood, and written by Billy Ray. It is based on the 1997 Vanity Fair article "American Nightmare: The Ballad of Richard Jewell" by Marie Brenner. [5] 6] 7] 8] 9] The film depicts the July 27 Centennial Olympic Park bombing and its aftermath, as security guard Richard Jewell finds a bomb during the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia, and alerts authorities to evacuate, only to later be wrongly accused of having placed the device himself. The film stars Paul Walter Hauser as Jewell, alongside Sam Rockwell, Kathy Bates, Jon Hamm, and Olivia Wilde. The film had its world premiere on November 20, 2019 at the AFI Fest, and was theatrically released in the United States on December 13, 2019, by Warner Bros. Pictures. It received positive reviews from critics, with praise for the performances and Eastwood's direction, and was chosen by the National Board of Review as one of the ten best films of the year. However, the film received criticism over its portrayal of a real-life reporter, Kathy Scruggs. The film's performance has been characterized as a box office flop by multiple media outlets, marking a near-career worst opening weekend for Eastwood, and has grossed 35 million against its 45 million budget. For her performance, Bates was recognized as the National Board of Review Award for Best Supporting Actress, as well as earned nominations at the Academy Awards and Golden Globes. [10] Plot [ edit] In 1986, Richard Jewell works as an office supply clerk in a small public law firm, where he builds a rapport with attorney Watson Bryant. He leaves the firm to be a security guard at Piedmont College, hoping to work in law enforcement, but is fired after multiple complaints of acting beyond his jurisdiction. Jewell moves in with his mother Bobi in Atlanta. In the summer of 1996, he works as a security guard at the Olympic Games, monitoring Centennial Park. In the early morning of July 27, 1996, after chasing off drunken revelers during a Jack Mack and the Heart Attack concert, Jewell notices a suspicious package beneath a bench, which an explosives expert confirms contains a bomb. The security team, including police officers, FBI agent Tom Shaw, and Jewells friend Dave Dutchess, are moving concert attendees away from the bomb when it detonates, and Jewell is initially heralded as a hero. At Atlanta's FBI office, Shaw and his team determine that Jewell, as a white, male, wanna-be" police officer, fits the common profile of perpetrators committing similar crimes, comparing him to others who sought glory and attention by rescuing people from a dangerous situation they caused themselves. Shaw is approached by journalist Kathy Scruggs of the Atlanta-Journal Constitution. In exchange for sex, Shaw reveals that Jewell is under FBI suspicion. The Constitution publishes Scruggs' story on the front page, disclosing the FBI's interest in Jewell as a possible suspect. Scruggs makes particular note of Jewell's physique, the fact he lives with his mother, and work history to reassure herself that he fits the FBIs profile. The story quickly becomes international news. Jewell, initially unaware of his changing public perception, is lured to the FBI office. He initially cooperates but refuses to sign an acknowledgement he has been read his Miranda Rights, and instead phones Watson Bryant for legal representation. Bryant, now running his own struggling law firm, agrees and makes Jewell aware he is a prime suspect. Shaw and partner Sam Bennet visit the dean of Piedmont College, who reinforces their suspicion of Jewell. The FBI searches Jewell's home and seize property including true crime books and a cache of firearms. Jewell admits to Bryant that he has been evading income taxes for years and was once arrested for exceeding his authority. Bryant scolds Jewell for being too collegial with the police officers investigating him. Jewell admits his ingrained respect for authority makes it difficult for him not to be deferential, even when the authorities are trying to do him harm. Jewell and Bryant confront Scruggs, demanding a retraction and apology, but she stands by her reporting. Still not completely convinced of Jewell's innocence, Bryant and his long-suffering secretary Nadya time the distance between the phone booth and bomb site, concluding it is impossible for someone to phone in the bomb threat and discover the bomb at the time it was found. Scruggs and Shaw have made the same conclusion, and the FBI changes their picture of the crime to include an accomplice. As their case weakens, the FBI try to link Dutchess to Jewell as a possible homosexual accomplice. Bryant arranges a polygraph examination which Jewell passes, removing Bryant's doubt about his innocence. Bobi holds a press conference and pleas for the investigation to cease so she and her son may get on with their lives. Jewell and Bryant meet with Shaw and Bennet at the FBI office, and after some irrelevant questions, Jewell realizes they have no shred of evidence against him. When he asks pointedly if they are ready to charge him, their silence convinces him to leave, finally having lost his sense of awe for law enforcement officers. Eighty-eight days after being named "a person of interest" Jewell is informed by formal letter that he is no longer under investigation. In April 2005, Jewell, now a police officer in Luthersville, Georgia, is visited by Bryant who tells him that Eric Rudolph has confessed to the Centennial Olympic Park bombing. An epilogue states that two years later, on August 29, 2007, Jewell passed away at the age of 44 of complications from diabetes and heart failure. Cast [ edit] Paul Walter Hauser as Richard Jewell Sam Rockwell as Watson Bryant Kathy Bates as Barbara "Bobi" Jewell Jon Hamm as FBI Agent Tom Shaw Olivia Wilde as Kathy Scruggs Nina Arianda as Nadya Ian Gomez as FBI Agent Dan Bennet Wayne Duvall as polygraph examiner Dylan Kussman as FBI Special Agent Bruce Hughes Mike Pniewski as Brandon Hamm Eric Mendenhall as Eric Rudolph Production [ edit] The project was initially announced in February 2014, when Leonardo DiCaprio and Jonah Hill teamed to produce the film, with Hill set to play Jewell, and DiCaprio set to play the lawyer who helped Jewell navigate the media blitz that surrounded him. [11] Paul Greengrass began negotiations to direct the film, with Billy Ray writing the screenplay. [12] Other directors considered include Ezra Edelman and David O. Russell, 13] 14] before Clint Eastwood was officially attached in early 2019. DiCaprio and Hill did not star in the film, though they remained as producers. [15] In May 2019, Warner Bros. acquired the film rights from 20th Century Fox, which had been acquired by The Walt Disney Company earlier that year. [16] In June, Sam Rockwell was cast as the lawyer, and Paul Walter Hauser as Jewell. Kathy Bates, Olivia Wilde, Jon Hamm, and Ian Gomez were also cast. [17] 18] 19] 20] 21] In July 2019, Nina Arianda joined the cast. [22] Filming began on June 24, 2019, in Atlanta. [23] In an interview with Ellen DeGeneres during her talk show, Eastwood explained how he continued to work on the film despite a looming studio wildfire. [24] Ellen described the November 10 blaze, known as the Barham brush fire, as a "really bad fire that came really close to the lot. adding that "air quality was so bad that everyone evacuated. Clint replied: I was coming back down to do some work at a sound stage and I saw all this smoke going. And I'm getting closer and closer and its Warner Bros. and its smoke and I got almost up there and I thought, the whole studio's burning down, maybe I'll go in and see if I can retrieve something. So we went on the sound stage and started working and we forgot about it and. everybody said, The studio's been evacuated. And I said, We're not evacuated, we're here working. 25] Marketing [ edit] A trailer was released on October 3, 2019. [26] Release [ edit] The film had its world premiere at the AFI Fest on November 20, 2019. [27] It was theatrically released in the United States and Canada on December 13, 2019. [28] Reception [ edit] Box office [ edit] The film's performance has been characterized as a box office flop by multiple media outlets. [29] 30] 31] 32] As of February 2, 2020, Richard Jewel has grossed 22. 3 million in the United States and Canada, and 12. 7 million in other territories, for a worldwide total of 35 million, 3] 4] against a production budget of 45 million. [2] In the United States and Canada, the film was released alongside Jumanji: The Next Level and Black Christmas, and was initially projected to gross around 10 million from 2, 502 theaters in its opening weekend. [33] However, after making 1. 6 million on its first day, estimates were lowered to 5 million. [2] The film ended up debuting 4. 7 million, one of the 50 worst wide openings ever. [34] It was Eastwood's worst opening weekend since Bronco Billy in 1980, and the second-lowest opening of his career. [35] It finished fourth at the box office, behind Jumanji: The Next Level, Frozen II, and Knives Out. [36] 37] The film fell 45% to 2. 6 million in its second weekend, finishing in seventh. [38] In its third weekend the film made 3 million (and a total of 5. 4 million over the five-day Christmas weekend) finishing tenth. [39] Critical response [ edit] The review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes reported an approval rating of 75% based on 226 reviews, with an average rating of 6. 81/10. The website's critical consensus reads. Richard Jewell simplifies the real-life events that inspired it—yet still proves that Clint Eastwood remains a skilled filmmaker of admirable economy. 40] Metacritic, another review aggregator, assigned the film a weighted average score of 69 out of 100 based on 41 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews. 41] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale. [2] Controversy [ edit] The film came under fire for its portrayal of Atlanta-Journal Constitution reporter Kathy Scruggs, who died of a prescription drug overdose in 2001. [42] Criticism was directed at the film for depicting her as offering to engage in sex with an FBI agent in return for confidential information. [43] The editor-in-chief of The Atlanta-Journal Constitution wrote in an open letter that this depicted incident was "entirely false and malicious. 44] Employees of the newspaper demanded the film have a prominent disclaimer that "some events were imagined for dramatic purposes and artistic license. 45] 46] The film was accused of perpetuating a sexist trope of women journalists exchanging sex for information. [47] 48] Wilde, who plays Scruggs in the film, defended her role and stated that there was a sexist double standard, in that Jon Hamm's portrayal of the FBI agent was not held to the same scrutiny. [49] Commentators noted that Wilde's character was based on a real person, whereas the FBI agent was an amalgamation of multiple individuals. [49] They also noted that the purpose of the film was to expose and condemn the character assassination of Jewell. However, in the process, some insisted the film committed the same act to Scruggs. [47] 50] Multiple media outlets connected the film's poor box office performance to the controversy. [30] 51] 52] Accolades [ edit] References [ edit] "Richard Jewell. AFI Fest. Retrieved October 30, 2019. ^ a b c d D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 14, 2019. Jumanji: The Next Level' Advancing To 51M+ Opening; Richard Jewell. Black Christmas' Earn Lumps Of Coal. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 14, 2019. ^ a b "Richard Jewell (2019. The Numbers. Nash Information Services, LLC. Retrieved January 30, 2020. ^ a b "Richard Jewell (2019. Box Office Mojo. IMDb. Retrieved February 2, 2020. ^ Climek, Chris. "Review: Richard Jewell' Clears One Name While Smearing Another. NPR. Retrieved December 13, 2019. ^ Brenner, Marie (February 1997. American Nightmare: The Ballad of Richard Jewell. Retrieved December 6, 2019. ^ Kent Alexander and Kevin Salwen (2019. The Suspect: An Olympic Bombing, the FBI, the Media, and Richard Jewell, the Man Caught in the Middle, Abrams, ISBN   1683355245. ^ Benjamin Lee (December 13, 2019. Stop defending an irresponsible movie and start apologising. The Guardian. Retrieved December 14, 2019. ^ Marc Tracy. "Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' Is at the Center of a Media Storm. The New York Times. Retrieved December 14, 2019. ^ National Board of Review 2019: The Irishman' Wins Best Film, Adam Sandler Named Best Actor. National Board of Review. December 3, 2019. Retrieved December 3, 2019. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (February 4, 2014. Wolf Of Wall Street's Leonardo DiCaprio & Jonah Hill Plan Re-Team In Story Of Richard Jewell; Labelled Hero, Then Falsely Vilified As Bomber At 1996 Atlanta Olympics. Deadline. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (September 11, 2014. Paul Greengrass Circling Richard Jewell Pic With Leonardo DiCaprio, Jonah Hill. ^ Clint Eastwood Eyes Richard Jewell Movie Starring Jonah Hill. Film. April 1, 2015. ^ Busch, Anita (November 15, 2016. O. J. Made In America' Helmer Ezra Edelman In Talks To Direct Richard Jewell Movie. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (April 18, 2019. Clint Eastwood Circling 'Ballad Of Richard Jewell' For Fox/Disney. ^ Kroll, Justin (May 24, 2019. Warner Bros. Lands Clint Eastwood's 'The Ballad of Richard Jewell' From Fox-Disney (EXCLUSIVE. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (June 10, 2019. Sam Rockwell Joins Clint Eastwood's 'The Ballad of Richard Jewell. ^ Clint Eastwood Casts 'BlacKkKlansman' Actor as Lead in Richard Jewell Movie (Exclusive. The Hollywood Reporter. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (June 13, 2019. Kathy Bates Joining Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell. ^ Kroll, Justin (June 18, 2019. Olivia Wilde, Jon Hamm Join Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' EXCLUSIVE. ^ Ian Gomez Joins Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Movie (Exclusive. The Hollywood Reporter. ^ Kit, Borys (July 17, 2019. Tony Winner Nina Arianda Joins Clint Eastwood's Richard Jewell Drama (Exclusive. The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 17, 2019. ^ Feature Films: Jewell. Backstage. ^ DeGeneres, Ellen (December 9, 2019. Clint Eastwood Went to Work Despite a Looming Studio Fire. The Ellen DeGeneres Show. Season 17. Episode 64. Retrieved January 21, 2020. ^ iNews (December 9, 2019. Clint Eastwood didn't let Southern California wildfires keep him Warner Bros lot despite evacuation. Retrieved January 21, 2020. ^ Trailer on YouTube ^ Day-Ramos, Dino (October 8, 2019. Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' To Make World Premiere At AFI Fest. Retrieved October 8, 2019. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 27, 2019. Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' Enters Awards Season With December Release. Deadline. Retrieved October 3, 2019. ^ Mendelson, Scott. "Friday Box Office: Richard Jewell' And 'Black Christmas' Flop, Uncut Gems' And 'Bombshell' Break Out. Forbes. Retrieved December 15, 2019. ^ a b. Richard Jewell" flops at the box office its opening weekend following controversy. Retrieved December 17, 2019. ^ McCarthy, Tyler (December 16, 2019. Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' flops at the box office in its opening weekend despite critical acclaim. Fox News. Retrieved December 17, 2019. ^ Clint Eastwood suffers worst opening in four decades as controversial 'Richard Jewell' flops. Retrieved December 17, 2019. ^ Rubin, Rebecca (December 11, 2019. Can 'Jumanji' Sequel Achieve Next-Level Box Office Success. Variety. Retrieved December 12, 2019... Jumanji 2' Roars to 60M Opening While A24's 'Uncut Gems' Delivers Studio Record Debut. Retrieved December 15, 2019. ^ Rubin, Rebecca. "Clint Eastwood suffers worst opening in four decades with 'Richard Jewell. Retrieved December 17, 2019. ^ Mendelson, Scott. "Box Office: Black Christmas' And 'Richard Jewell' Both Disappoint While 'Uncut Gems' Breaks Records. Retrieved December 15, 2019. ^ Box Office Bust: Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' Derailed by Apathy, Not Controversy. Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 26, 2019. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 22, 2019. Star Wars: Rise Of Skywalker' Force Grips 3rd Best December Opening With 193M+ Drat Those 'Cats' 7. 6M, Bombshell' 5. 8M – Saturday AM Early Update. Retrieved December 22, 2019. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 28, 2019. Star Wars: Rise Of Skywalker' Chasing 'Last Jedi' With 76M 2nd Weekend; Little Women' Not So Tiny With 29M 5-Day. Retrieved December 29, 2019. ^ Richard Jewell (2019. Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved January 19, 2020. ^ Richard Jewell Reviews. Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved January 9, 2020. ^ Miller, Julie. "The Richard Jewell Controversy—And the Complicated Truth About Kathy Scruggs. Vanity Fair. Retrieved January 10, 2020. ^ Olivia Wilde Defends 'Richard Jewell' Journalist Portrayal Amid Backlash. Retrieved December 10, 2019. ^ Cox, AJC seek 'Richard Jewell' disclaimer in letter to Clint Eastwood ^ Cohen, Li (December 10, 2019. Richard Jewell" film under fire for depiction of Atlanta-Journal Constitution reporter Kathy Scruggs. CBS News. Retrieved December 14, 2019. ^ Lang, Brent (December 9, 2019. Clint Eastwood's 'Richard Jewell' Atlanta Newspaper Demands Disclaimer on Depiction of Female Reporter. Retrieved December 10, 2019. ^ a b "Clint Eastwood movie 'Richard Jewell' commits same sin it purports to expose, The Star. Retrieved December 15, 2019. ^ Nathoo, Zulekha. "Why new Richard Jewell film is being blasted for 'misogynistic' portrayal of journalist. CBC News. ^ a b D'Alessandro, Anthony; D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 3, 2019. Richard Jewell' Controversy: Olivia Wilde Calls Out Double Standard Of Sexism. Retrieved December 10, 2019. ^ Sneer Campaign: Richard Jewell. Retrieved December 17, 2019. ^ Rubin, Rebecca; Rubin, Rebecca (December 15, 2019. Box Office: Clint Eastwood Suffers Worst Opening in Four Decades With 'Richard Jewell. Retrieved January 10, 2020. ^ Business, P. M. N. (December 15, 2019. Box Office: Jumanji: The Next Level' Levels Up With 60 Million Debut, Richard Jewell' Stumbles, Financial Post. Retrieved January 10, 2020. ^ Netflix gets the most Oscar nods of any studio, with 'Irishman' and 'Marriage Story' nominated for Best Picture. TechCrunch. Retrieved January 13, 2020. ^ AFI AWARDS 2019 Honorees Announced. American Film Institute. Retrieved December 4, 2019. ^ The 2019 Detroit Film Critics Society (DFCS) Nominations ^ Golden Globes Nominations: ‘Marriage Story, Netflix, ‘Once Upon A Time In Hollywood Lead Way In Film – Full List Of Nominations ^ ‘The Irishman Named Best Film By National Board Of Review, Quentin Tarantino Wins Best Director External links [ edit.

Richard jewell death. ATLANTA (AP. Richard Jewell, the former security guard who was erroneously linked to the 1996 Olympic bombing and then sued news organizations in a decade-long effort to defend his reputation, died Wednesday. He was 44. Jewell was found dead in his west Georgia home, Georgia Bureau of Investigation spokesman John Bankhead said. "There's no suspicion whatsoever of any type of foul play. He had been at home sick since the end of February with kidney problems. said Meriwether County Coroner Johnny Worley. The GBI planned to do an autopsy Thursday, Bankhead said. Lin Wood, Jewell's longtime attorney, said in an e-mail to The Associated Press that he was "devastated" by the news. Wood, who was in New York trying to get back to Atlanta, said in a follow-up e-mail that Jewell's legacy "is that of a devoted and loving son, husband and friend. " Wood described Jewell as "a dedicated public servant whose heroism the night of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing saved the lives of many people. " He will be missed, but never forgotten. Wood said. Jewell was initially hailed as a hero for spotting a suspicious backpack in a park and moving people out of harm's way just before a bomb exploded during a concert at the Atlanta Summer Olympics. The blast killed one and injured 111 others. Three days after the bombing, an unattributed report in The Atlanta Journal-Constitution described him as "the focus" of the investigation. Other media, to varying degrees, also linked Jewell to the investigation. The AP, citing an anonymous federal law enforcement source, said after the AJC report that Jewell was "a focus" of investigators, but that others had "not yet been ruled out as potential suspects. " Reporters from around the country set up camp outside Jewell's mother's apartment in the Atlanta area and his life was dissected for weeks by the media. He was never arrested or charged, although he was questioned and was a subject of search warrants. Eighty-eight days after the initial news report, U. S. Attorney Kent Alexander issued a statement saying Jewell "is not a target" of the bombing investigation and that the "unusual and intense publicity" surrounding him was "neither designed nor desired by the FBI, and in fact interfered with the investigation. " In 1997, U. Attorney General Janet Reno expressed regret over the leak regarding Jewell. "I'm very sorry it happened. she told reporters. "I think we owe him an apology. " Eventually, the bomber turned out to be anti-government extremist Eric Rudolph, who also planted three other bombs in the Atlanta area and in Birmingham, Alabama. Those explosives killed a police officer, maimed a nurse and injured several other people. Rudolph was captured after spending five years hiding out in the mountains of western North Carolina. He pleaded guilty to all four bombings last year and is serving life in prison. The Jewell episode spurred lawsuits and soul-searching among news organizations about the use of unattributed or anonymously sourced information. Jewell sued several media companies, including NBC, and settled for undisclosed amounts with them. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution never settled a lawsuit Jewell filed against it. According to Wood, Jewell also settled lawsuits against CNN, the New York Post and Piedmont College, a former employer of his. The amounts were confidential, Wood said. Wood said Wednesday that the AJC lawsuit is set for trial in January. "I expect to pursue it for Richard and his estate. Wood said. "But that is a decision for a less sad day. " A lawyer for the newspaper, Peter Canfield, did not immediately return several calls seeking comment. Canfield has said previously that the newspaper stands by its coverage of Jewell. Jewell, in an interview with AP last year around the time of the 10th anniversary of the Olympic bombing, insisted the lawsuits were not about making money - he bought his mother a place to live and gave 73 percent of the settlement money to his attorneys and to the government in taxes - but about making sure the truth was told. "I'm not rich by any means monetarily. he said at the time. "I'm rich because of my family. If I never get there, I don't care. I'm gonna get my say in court. " Jewell also said that Rudolph's conviction helped, but he believed some people still remember him as a suspect rather than for the two days in which he was praised as a hero. "For that two days, my mother had a great deal of pride in me - that I had done something good and that she was my mother, and that was taken away from her. Jewell said. "She'll never get that back, and there's no way I can give that back to her. " A year ago, Gov. Sonny Perdue commended Jewell at a bombing anniversary event. "This is what I think is the right thing to do. Perdue declared as he handed a certificate to Jewell. Jewell said: I never expected this day to ever happen. I'm just glad that it did. " Since the Olympics, Jewell worked in various law enforcement jobs, including as a police officer in Pendergrass, Georgia, where his partner was fatally shot in 2004 during a pursuit of a suspect. Jewell said he was honored by the city, which is 49 miles (78 kilometers) northeast of Atlanta, for his bravery during the chase. As recently as last year, Jewell was working as a sheriff's deputy in west Georgia. He also gave speeches to college journalism classes about his experience with the media. Copyright 2007 The Associated Press.

Richard jewell settlement. In the early morning on July 27, 1996, with the summer Olympic Games underway in Atlanta, a pipe bomb exploded in the citys Centennial Park, killing two people and injuring 111. In the days following, law enforcement agencies began to focus on a security guard named Richard Jewell, who initially had been praised for helping evacuate the area. The media, particularly the Atlanta newspaper, the Atlanta-based CNN and NBC (which was broadcasting the Olympics) were quick to publish the police suspicions. The Richard Jewell story presented the media with an irresistible "read" – the tale of a hero-turned-suspect in the bombing at the 1996 Olympics in Atlanta. The case raises major issues about the relations between the press and government sources. We focus on two related issues: Given that police can make mistakes, what level of proof and sourcing is required to say a story is verified? And do journalists have a responsibility balance the publics right to know with the presumption of innocence? At 12:58 a. m. on July 27, 1996, with the summer Olympics in full swing, the Atlanta Police Department received a 911 call from an anonymous caller saying: There is a bomb in Centennial Park. You have 30 minutes. " The caller, a male, hung up immediately. Police attempted to check the source of the call and otherwise respond. It was too late. At 1:20 a. m., a pipe bomb exploded near a huge sound-and-light tower erected by AT&T, which had become a major attraction for visitors to Centennial Olympic Park. The blast killed two people and injured 111 others. Before the 911 warning reached the area of the sound-and-light tower where Richard Jewell, 33, was stationed as a security guard, Jewell had noticed a small backpack lying unattended nearby. He pointed it out to an agent of the Georgia Bureau of Investigation, who summoned bomb technicians. Jewell participated in helping to evacuate the area as the bomb exploded. Initially, news reports portrayed him in heroic terms. For example, Katie Couric of NBC said in interviewing him: You were in the right place at the right time and you did the right thing, Richard. " Just 72 hours after the tragic explosion, however, newspapers, led by the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, and television networks began reporting that Jewell was not a hero, but instead was the "focus" of the FBIs investigation—the man the bureau now saw as the likely perpetrator. To assess the performance of the news media in the Atlanta Olympics bombing, it is necessary to reconstruct both the step-by-step progress of the official investigation and the reporting that accompanied it. Daily news reporting almost always involves making decisions under pressure—pressures of time, of competition and, frequently, pressures of having incomplete information. All those pressures were present in the Jewell case, but they did not make it unique. What did is the presence of the Olympics, an international event that has the worlds attention—and that particularly of the media world—focused on Atlanta. Such events are usually a Code Blue for the local media, a moment for those outlets with a special connection to the events to demonstrate their journalistic mettle in the public eye. Reputations are made or broken, journalists often believe, by how you perform when the world is in your backyard. In this case, that focused particularly on three outlets, NBC, which was broadcasting the games, the Atlanta Journal Constitution, the hometown paper for the games, and CNN, which, like the paper, is located in Atlanta. Maintaining high standards of accuracy, fairness and balance under pressure is the essential of professional journalism, just as life-and-death situations are the daily norm for surgeons. It is against that expectation that the performance of the news media should be measured in the aftermath of the Olympic bombing. All the more so because, when the story turned in upon Richard Jewell, it was clear that the media would be dealing with an ordinary citizen, not a politician or other veteran of the media wars. In examining the case, I have relied on thousands of pages of sworn statements from principals in the case. An internal Justice Department report on the FBIs interview of Jewell and tracing the leak of his identity was also considered. For reasons that will become clear later, the Journal-Constitutions lawyer, Peter C. Canfield, ruled out direct interviews of the reporters, columnist, copy editors and management of the paper. The resulting inability to speak directly with some of those involved has been offset in part by examination of an aborted, but impressive attempt by a Journal-Constitution reporter to examine how her paper handled the Jewell story, as well as by interviews with lawyers for Jewell and the Atlanta Journal-Constitution. The First Moments In the immediate aftermath of the explosion, news coverage tracked closely the information investigators were gathering and the theory of the case they were developing. It was quickly reported, for example, that the FBI believed the blast was probably an act of domestic, not foreign, terrorism. And the early attention investigators paid to an extremist militia organization in Alabama was reported promptly. Jewell was interviewed by the Secret Service, the Georgia Bureau of Investigation and the FBI on July 27, the day of the explosion, and again on July 28. In those interviews, investigators considered him a witness, not a suspect. That began to shift during the afternoon of July 28, when, according to the Justice Department, the president of Piedmont College, Ray Cleere, called the FBI in Atlanta after seeing Jewell interviewed on television. Cleere raised the possibility that Jewell could have been involved in planting the bomb, basing the suggestion on problems in Jewells earlier record as a policeman at the school. On the strength of this information, the FBI decided to run a background check on Jewell. Agents recalled a case in Southern California not long before in which a voluntary firefighter had apparently set a series of fires to that he could extinguish them and become a hero. Later the same day, the idea that Jewell was criminally involved was passed along to FBI officials in Washington during a conference call with the Atlanta field office. A participant in the call mentioned that a security guard at the 1984 Olympic Games in Los Angeles had planted a bomb on a bus so that he could discover it later and be a hero. FBI headquarters agreed it was logical to conduct a preliminary investigation of Jewells background. But most of the discussion during the regularly scheduled call dealt with other suspects. That evening, the FBI learned Jewell had been arrested in 1990 for impersonating a police officer and had had employment problems while serving as a deputy sheriff in Habersham County, Georgia, though he had expressed hope during a televised interview that he could get back into law enforcement. On the basis of Jewells previous problems, agents from the FBIs profiling and behavioral assessment unit in Quantico, Va., reviewed videotapes of the young guards television interviews. By the next morning, July 29, FBI headquarters was advised that the profiling unit agents "concurred with Atlantas assessment that Jewell fit the profile of a person who might create an incident so he could emerge as a hero. In a more detailed written analysis faxed to Washington and Atlanta two hours after the preliminary report, the profiling team said Jewells "account of the bombing seemed vague on important points and that he seemed uncomfortable discussing the victims. The analysts noted Jewell had expressed a desire to become a law enforcement agent and suggested he may have believed that making himself a hero at the Olympic Games would help him land a job in the field. The profiling agents also said Jewells statement in a televised interview that he hoped to get such a position in Atlanta after the Games was highly inappropriate in the context of a lethal bombing and could indicate a possible motive for planting the explosives. This account of the profiling units conclusions is part of the summary of the FBIs early steps in the investigation done by the Justice Departments internal watchdog unit, the office of professional responsibility. By the end of the day on July 29, Jewell had become the FBIs "principal (though not the only) suspect in the CENTBOM investigation, the summary said. Puzzlingly, the Justice Departments internal reconstruction says that at this point the Bureau planned to interview Jewell again in the near future, but it was not considered urgent. " Up to this point, investigators had managed to maintain the confidentiality of their changing view of Jewell, but time was running out. Sometime during the day on July 29, Kathy Scruggs, the Journal-Constitution reporter who covered the Atlanta Police Department, began to pick up hints from police sources that the bombing probe might have taken a new turn. Scruggs, a xx-year-old xxxxx, had been at the Journal Constitution for xx years, most of it xxxxxx. Trying to pin it down, she met with a source after work. The source told her investigators were beginning to look at the security guard in a new light, as a possible suspect. According to one of Scruggs bosses, assistant managing editor for Olympics Thomas M. Oliver, the source told Scruggs that Jewell fit a pattern—Oliver did not recall whether the word used was a "profile"—of a wannabe cop with troubled experience in law enforcement. Whether from this source or not, Scruggs also had heard by this time that Jewells former employer had called law enforcement officials to, as she termed it later, turn him in. " The source extracted a promise from Scruggs that she would do nothing with the information without his permission; premature disclosure might ruin the investigation, he said. Scruggs says she agreed but added a qualifier of her own: She would no longer honor the commitment and hold back the information if she got independent corroboration. She says the source agreed. After meeting with her source, Scruggs went back to the office. "I have good new and bad news. Scruggs would tell an editor. "I know who they are looking at, and we cant use it. " Rochelle Bozman, the assistant editor overseeing Olympic security stories, wanted to inform some other reporters that Jewell was a suspect. Scruggs objected, worried that one of the reporters, who was trying to get an interview with Jewell, might tip the security guard off. "I was not in any way going to endanger an investigation. Scruggs would say later. Oliver, the ranking editor for Olympics coverage, said Scruggs described Jewell as the investigators prime suspect. Oliver said he told Scruggs that "she and we would have to confirm that through other sourcesThe story that she was describing that the authorities were now focusing and suspecting Richard Jewell as the Olympic Park bomber was an enormously important story and needed more than one source before I would feel comfortable in publishing it. Oliver recalled. Coming to work to start her night shift the next day, Tuesday, July 30, Scruggs was beeped by another source, whom she has identified as a member of the Atlanta Police Department. He, too, told her investigators were looking at Jewell as a possible suspect. She asked how her source knew that, and he replied it was being talked about inside the department and "everybody knows it. Scruggs says she was not surprised that the information about Jewells new status was spreading. "When something like this happens. she said in an interview for the Journal-Constitution account that was never published. "A lot of different people get involved. It is not the secret that they think it is because an FBI [agent] may be friends with an Atlanta police [officer] and they will talk to them, and you see, it becomes fodder for law enforcement. " FBI Director Louis J. Freeh later expanded on the point when trying to explain to a Senate committee why the Bureau had been unable to identify the law enforcement source who leaked the information that Jewell had become a target of the investigation. "We identified approximately 10 agencies outside of the FBI who had individuals who were knowledgeable about his identity before it was released—over 500 investigators, prosecutors. Freeh said. "Each of those people and each of those agencies has separate chains of command, so the secondary universe is much bigger. " With the knowledge that Jewell was being talked about as a suspect throughout the Atlanta Police Department, Scruggs felt she was no longer constrained by her pledge to withhold the information. Her first source had agreed she could use it if she obtained independent corroboration. Accordingly, she advised her editors that they needed to report the new development. Another reporter on the paper who was covering Olympic security, Ron Martz, had already been working his federal law enforcement sources for information on the bombing. He helped Scruggs construct the story. Scruggs and Martz based part of their story on their instincts. They were experienced journalists with good law enforcement sources. Those sources, moreover—at least two of them and later three—gave essentially the same information. This was also a sensational and unexpected turn in a story that was being pursued by every major news organization in the country. In such circumstances, papers like the Journal-Constitution feel enormous internal pressure to "own" the story—to be first with every important new development. To be beaten by an outside news organization in your own backyard is the ultimate competitive humiliation. In addition to law enforcement sources who would not let their names be used or the agencies identified, Scruggs and Martz had two other slight but possibly corroborating pieces of information. The paper had dispatched a 22-year-old intern named Christina Headrick to stake out the apartment complex where Jewell lived. There she saw several men in plain clothes watching the apartment through binoculars. It was not until after the story was out, though, that Headrick confirmed that the men were FBI agents. Headrick also knocked at the apartment door; she says Jewell refused to open the door and told her to come back when his mother returned. Jewell, Headrick thought, sounded scared. In addition to Headricks effort, Martz says he made several telephone calls to Jewells apartment, but the phone rang unanswered and there was no opportunity to leave a message. The two reporters, Scruggs and Martz, sat down to write the story with Scruggs at the computer and Martz looking over her shoulder. Scruggs lead with what she saw as the clearest key fact—that the hero had now turned into a suspect. The phrasing was not so simple. Martz had been told that Jewell was not the only one under scrutiny. He was "a prime suspect" but "there were still other individuals that they (law enforcement) were looking at as possible suspects. Martz would recall. Scruggs, too, understood that Jewell was "a suspect. As the story went through the editing process, Scruggs, Martz and Managing Editor John Walter talked about what word to use, Scruggs would say later. Should they call Jewell a "suspect. focus" or "target? While others were under suspicion, Martz at least thought Jewell was the lead suspect. Walter decided the story should use the word "focus. Scruggs would recall. The lead of the finished story read: The security guard who first alerted police to the pipe bomb that exploded in Centennial Olympic Park is the focus of the federal investigation into the incident. " In Scruggs mind, the wording gave Jewell the benefit of the doubt. The word focus was "a less damning word, a less strong word. than suspect. Scruggs second sentence in the lead said Jewell also "fits the profile of the lone bomber. " Martz had one source for this. The source, Martz would explain later, had told him that "there was a profile of a lone bomber" and that Jewell fit it. He didnt know who had compiled it, but he assumed it was FBI. The information seemed solid. Scruggs sources pointed in the same direction. She knew there was some sort of profile. And both reporters believed this was a key factor in the thinking of law enforcement officials now, and needed to be high up in the story. The third key element in the story was that Jewell had been approaching news organizations trying to make himself into a celebrity. This was connected, as Scruggs and Martz understood it, to the "profile" of a lone bomber who wanted to engineer his own heroism. In their initial draft, Scruggs and Martz wrote that, Jewell has become a celebrity in the wake of the bombing, making an appearance on the Today Show. As the story was being edited, Burt Roughton, a reporter in charge of non-sports Olympic news, added another sentence after that. "He (Jewell) also has approached newspapers, including the Atlanta Journal-Constitution, seeking publicity for his actions. " A key issue as they wrote involved attribution. On this, the managing editor of the paper, John Walter, made an important decision. The Atlanta Journal Constitution has a policy against using anonymous sources. It requires a managing editor to waive the prohibition. The reasoning behind the ban—and the reason that most news organizations consider the use of anonymous sources a sensitive matter—is that readers or viewers have no way of evaluating for themselves the unnamed sources reliability or possible biases. Walter decided that Scruggs should use what the paper calls the "voice of God" approach when it came to attributing the information. The voice of God approach means that the paper would not attribute the story to unnamed sources. Rather it would take the responsibility on itself, implying that not only has the paper learned these things, but vouches for their accuracy. As Walter explained later, he didnt think attributing the story to unnamed sources "was fair. " The reason, he said, is that "once you start introducing sources, then you can have those sources do anything you want. They can speculate wildly. And so I felt safe, I felt better without that word in there. In other words, if the paper took the responsibility itself, because it had multiple sources and was confident it was right, it was more authoritative than if it hung it on some anonymous source who might or might not be someone with real authority. The fact that suspicion about Jewell had become so widespread among law enforcement sources also made the journalists at the paper comfortable on some other fronts. Neither Walter, Scruggs nor Martz had any real worry they were being used to "sweat out" a suspect, that is put the pressure of public notice on him to get a confession. Nothing about this story had the feel of a coordinated leak. As Scruggs finished roughing out her story, managing editor Walter still wanted some more verification and asked Martz to get it. Martz moved to a quiet section of the newsroom and called a federal law enforcement source, who the reporter says had not given him information on the investigation prior to this call. After reading him the story verbatim, including the headline, Martz asked if there was anything inaccurate in the account. The source, described by some Journal-Constitution staffers as a federal law enforcement source and by others as an FBI source, responded that he was not familiar with Jewells background in Habersham County, but that otherwise the story contained nothing inaccurate. Martz says he then asked if there was anything in it that would hinder the investigation in any way, and "the source indicated to me that there were other media outlets that were getting ready to go with basically the same story that afternoon, and the source said that basically—not in so many words—but in so many words said that it is out already. At this point it is not going to hurt us. The source also expressed concern that the headline "was perhaps a bit strong. but said there were qualifiers that he was not prepared to judge. With Martzs confirmation, the Journal-Constitution ran the story naming Jewell as a suspect in a replated extra edition on Tuesday July 30. The banner headline over the story said: FBI suspects ‘hero guard may have planted bomb" The body of the story that followed said: is the focus of the federal investigation into the incident that resulted in two deaths and injured more than 100. "Richard Jewell, 33, a former law enforcement officer, fits the profile of the lone bomber. This profile generally includes a frustrated white man who is a former police officer, member of the military or police ‘wannabe who seeks to become a hero. "Jewell has become a celebrity in the wake of the bombing, making an appearance this morning at the reopened park with Katie Couric on the Today Show. He also has approached newspapers, including The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, seeking publicity for his actions. "He has told members of the media that he spotted a suspicious knapsack near the tower that was damaged in the blast. He said he reported the find to the GBI [Georgia Bureau of Investigation] agent and helped move people from the area. "FBI agents are reviewing hours of professional and amateur video tape to see if Jewell is spotted setting down the military-issue backpack that contained the bomb. Acquaintances have told agents that he owned a similar knapsack. Agents have not seen Jewell in NBC tape of the 20 minutes following the blast. "Three undercover law enforcement cars were parked outside his mothers apartment off Buford Highway this afternoon. He refused to open the door when a reporter from The Atlanta Journal-Constitution knocked. "Jewell resigned two former law enforcement jobs in north Georgia, the latest at Piedmont College on May 21. He also was a deputy sheriff at the Habersham County Sheriffs Department, where he received bomb training. "Just before the Olympics, Jewell got a job with Anthony Davis Associates, a Los Angeles security firm hired by AT&T after the company dismissed Borg-Warner Security Corp. after allegations of theft by employees. "Investigators are checking to see if his voice matches that of a 911 caller who phoned in a warning of the park bomb. The call was placed from a phone a few minutes walk from the park. "Agents also are checking an earlier report from a plumber that pipes were stolen from his construction area near the park. " The paper did not just print the story. It went into its afternoon press run and remade, or as termed in the printing trade, replated" the front page. Martz was not the only one who had been told other news organizations were preparing to report Jewells transformation from hero to suspect. The FBI had been planning to conduct a non-confrontational interview with Jewell some time on July 30, to be followed the next day by a confrontational interview and possibly a polygraph test. But the interview was moved up to earlier that day, according to the Justice Department, when "throughout the morning the Atlanta (FBI) Division learned that information concerning Jewell as a suspect may have been leaked to the media. The Atlanta Division was concerned because they did not want Jewell to know at the time he was interviewed that he was a possible suspect because that would undermine the non-confrontational approach. "Jewell was not just a possible suspect; he was also a potentially valuable witness. the Justice Departments office of professional responsibility said. "Jewell could have been silenced by the allegations in the media. Knowing that, the FBI decided that Jewell should be interviewed as soon as possible. " When two agents arrived at the parking lot of Jewells mothers apartment where he was staying, they noticed a local television news crew and quickly pulled away to check with superiors. Almost three hours passed before the agents were instructed to try to contact Jewell, despite the media presence. By the time they returned, the Journal-Constitutions replated extra had hit the streets, and the apartment complex was "swarming with media teams. the Justice Department report said. When the agents talked to Jewell, he agreed voluntarily to be interviewed at the FBI offices downtown; he drove his own truck to the session, saying he was afraid reporters jamming the parking lot would think he was in custody if he rode with the agents. The questioning downtown was cut short by Jewells friend and initial attorney, G. Watson Bryant, Jr., but not before the agent conducting the interview committed what the Justice Department later described as "a major error of judgment. " He administered Miranda warnings to Jewell, saying he was doing so only because the Bureau was making a training video on what he called "first responders" to scenes of calamities. The ruse endangered the investigation, the Justice Department said, because a judge might well have ruled later that Jewells waiver of his rights against self-incrimination was not voluntary, knowing and intelligent as required by law. In that event, any incriminating statements he might have made would have been inadmissible as evidence, along with anything else the statements had lead investigators to discover. The extra edition also included a story on an inside page by Kent B. Walker, who, as one of two interns assigned to the Olympics, had interviewed Jewell sometime earlier. The story was headlined "Bomb suspect had sought limelight, press interviews. " It contrasted what it said was Jewells expectation that he was going to shake President Clintons hand because of his action at the park with the conclusion that chances of anyone shaking his hand were in fact remote, now that he was suspected of planting the fatal bomb himself. "Investigators now say that he may be a hero wannabe who planted the bomb so he could discover it later. the story said. Walkers sidebar, like Roughtons insert alleging that Jewell had contacted the paper in search of attention, adds to the impression that this was news coverage being shaped to fit a conclusion. If Jewell had gone from hero to suspect, then everything should support that idea—even if, as Walter suggested later, it was far from clear how serious a suspect Jewell was. Whether reporters at the Journal Constitution knew it or not, by July 30—the day of the first story naming Jewell as a suspect—law enforcement investigators were already coming to the conclusion that one of their suspicions about Jewell was unfounded. The investigators had all but ruled out that Jewell had placed the 911 warning call to police before the bombing. They knew the precise time of the call and where it was made. They also knew Jewells whereabouts just before the explosion. The physical distance from the bomb site to the pay phone in question was too great for Jewell to have placed the call and returned to the scene in time to report the knapsack, police had concluded. If anyone at the Journal Constitution knew this, the papers national exclusive on July 30 made no mention of it. The Role of Television Not far from the paper, another news organization also viewed the Olympics as a huge local story on which they should not be beat. An executive by training but a journalist by instinct, Tom Johnson, the former publisher of the Los Angeles Times, had immediately taken charge of the networks newsgathering on the bombing. He deployed as many of his staff as he could to bring eyewitnesses into the CNN building for debriefings, often before police interviewed them, and to find amateur videos of the explosion. "One thing I learned switching from print to television is the value of amateur video, Johnson told Tom Goldstein, the future dean of the Columbia University Graduate School of Journalism, in a 1996 reconstruction of the story. On the same day the bomb went off, CNN President Johnson directed Henry Schuster, an experienced CNN producer, and Art Harris, a CNN investigative reporter to "find out who did it. " When the Journal Constitution ran its story naming Jewell as the focus, Schuster and Harris were telling Johnson that they were honing in on Jewell as the suspect. Working the web of local, state and national sources they had developed while doing months of advance research on Olympic security, Harris and Schuster had identified inconsistencies in Jewells story and were convinced he was a suspect. "We knew law enforcement was putting him under a microscope, Harris would tell Goldstein. "This was one of the most sourced things we have ever done. said Schuster. "This was not a simple leak. " As they debated whether to go with a story at CNNs headquarters, which overlook Centennial Park, Johnson took a call from an AJC editor, alerting him that their replated extra was being published. A CNN staffer was sent to get a copy of the paper, and Johnson called a source in Washington. "My source sold me, ‘This is the guy, and I never found my source to be wrong. " CNN went with the story, first reading the 10-paragraph story from the AJC. CNN President made that decision. "I take total responsibility, I made the call to run the story. he told Goldstein. Within an hour, CNN had apparently confirmed most of what the paper had published and was now running a story attributed to its own sources. Johnson believed and still does that CNN had covered "every conceivable base. But Earl Casey, CNNs senior vice president for domestic newsgathering, said he did not think CNN was quite prepared to go with the story until the AJC story was published. He made this comment on a Nightline special Aug. 22, 1996, while also noting that CNN had separate confirmation of the turn in the investigation. With the CNN disclosure, the story was now global, or "out there. in the parlance of the 24-hour-a-day news culture. Meanwhile, one other TV network had a sense of home field over the bombing story. NBC was carrying the Olympics, and most of its news personalities were in Atlanta for the event. NBCs reporting was, as Goldstein has put it, all over the place. Shortly after Jewell was named as the focus, Brokaw said in a news broadcast: The speculation is that the FBI is close to ‘making the case in their language. They probably have enough to arrest him right now, probably enough to prosecute him, but you always want to have enough to convict him as well. There are still some holes in this case. " By that first Tuesday night, July 30, Brokaw was not talking about "the speculation. Instead, he reported that Jewell was "on the short list of suspects. By the next morning, NBC correspondent Pete Williams on the Today Show elevated him to the "top of their list right now. But Katie Couric seemed to backpeddle slightly in her language, saying that some things about Jewell "might fit the profile" of the bomber. That night, Wednesday, Brokaw said that Jewell was "still the central focus. Correspondent Fred Francis suggested that "if the FBI has a case against Richard Jewell, it is moving very, very cautiously after a lot of fanfare. But then Pete Williams, highly regarded for his sources in the FBI and Justice, said that "it was possible that an arrest could come as early as tomorrow. " Brokaw would later say on CBS 60 Minutes that he had "very high-ranking federal law enforcement officials in Washington and in Atlanta" who had confirmed the story. He also noted that the report included the qualification: Please, understand absolutely that he is only the focus of this investigation. Hes not even a suspect yet. This despite the language used in other broadcasts to the contrary. The day after Jewells name surfaced, CNNs "Crossfire" show, in a program ostensibly exploring the question of whether Jewell might be another victim of the Centennial Olympic Park bombing, engaged in its own form of bashing. Bill Press, challenging the suggestion that Jewell did not have to be named in the early reports, said: just hours before we found out hes a suspect, he was basking in all the media glow, going to every radio station, every TV station that would have him and basically painting himself as a hero and a boy scout and enjoying the attention. Now, the fact that this guy, whom were all admiring and worshipping, then is named a suspect, are you telling me that is not a story? Whether Jewell sought the news media or the news media sought Jewell is, of course, a matter of continuing dispute. Under the circumstances, it is hard to imagine that at least some reporters had not pursued him. He was, whatever else, an eye-witness and his role in trying to clear the area has never been challenged. On the same program two days after Jewell had been named as the focus of the probe, CNNs Press said: Were accused of destroying the reputation of Mr. Jewell. I read today that Mr. Jewell has been arrested in the past for–hes charged with impersonating a police officer. He was called an over-zealous enforcer of the law, made arrests way outside his jurisdiction. He wrecked a police car racing another police officer down a mountain. His former employer, the county sheriff, said: ‘Cant say too much good about him. He did a pretty good job of destroying his own reputation, first, didnt he, Larry? Larry Sabato, professor of government at the University of Virginia: You know, Bill, thats a great example of what happens when some poor soul, and Im going to assume hes innocent until its proven otherwise, some poor soul wanders into the media spotlight, because thats what happens. I remember the fellow who deflected the gun from President Ford out in California in 1975 and he saved the presidents life and within 48 hours, a newspaper had revealed to his family, who didnt know, that he was gay" Day Two, July 31, 1996 On the second day, following the initial story naming Jewell as the suspect, Scruggs and Martz led the final edition of the Constitution with a story headlined: Hero' denies planting bomb" The story contained Jewells denial when he was asked by reporters whether he had planted the deadly bomb: No, sir. I didnt. It also quoted his attorney as claiming the FBI told him Jewell was not a suspect or target of the probe. The FBI would not confirm the statement. Jewell was quoted further as telling reporters: Im sure theyre investigating everyone who was in the area. To be honest, hearing that from yall, I dont know whether thats fact or fiction. " The article reported Jewells difficulties at Piedmont College, whose president had called authorities after watching Jewell on CNN. As a member of the campus security force, Jewell had been considered erratic and somewhat excitable, the paper quoted Cleere as saying, and had quit when he was asked to move back to part-time work from full-time employment. Jewell had also run into difficulties on earlier jobs with the Habersham county sheriffs office, the paper said. He had begun work there as a jailer. Later, the paper reported, he had been charged with impersonating a police officer and, while serving as a patrol deputy, he had gotten into trouble for colliding with a squad car. Inside that same paper, additional stories drove home the point. The headlines read. "CHANGE OF FORTUNE: ‘I just hope I never had to go through anything like this again Security guard had reputation as zealot A motive? Most seek glory, power or revenge (which was headlined in a different edition as Motive? Could be sociopath, attention seeker Crimes committed by guards plague security industry The Kindred Column, August 1, 1996 No single account offended Jewell and his defenders more than a column by Dave Kindred that ran on Aug. 1. Kindred had watched FBI agents load cartons of material into their vehicles after searching and vacuuming the apartment where Jewell had been staying in an effort to find evidence, especially of bomb making. The scene, Kindred thought, was reminiscent of the examination of the apartment of Wayne Williams, the notorious serial killer who was convicted of murdering two children in 1979 and 1981. Kindred wrote: He sat in the shadows with his back to the world. He wore a white T-shirt, white shorts and black sneakers. Occasionally, he turned his thick body and looked through the staircase toward the firing line of cameras, every lens fixed on him. "He sat on the stairs outside his mothers apartment because, inside, federal agents were at work. "They brought in a dog, a ladder and boxes. A white van with Virginia tags unloaded members of the FBI Evidence Response Unit. "They were at work executing a search warrant in Apartment F3 at the Monaco Station Apartments, 3649 Buford Highway. He sat there, waiting. "He sat seven miles from Centennial Olympic Park. "Hero or fool, he sat on the steps and leaned to his right to make room for agents passing on the staircase. An agent might sit with him awhile, talking about whatever FBI agents talk about with men who are suspects in murderous bombings. "Once upon a terrible time, federal agents came to this town to deal with another suspect who lived with his mother. Like this one, that suspect was drawn to the blue lights and sirens of police work. Like this one, he became famous in the aftermath of murder. "His name was Wayne Williams. "This one is Richard Jewell. "He sat with his back to us as two dozen federal agents did their work. They started at 9 oclock Wednesday morning. By 2 oclock, they had come from the apartment with only one box of stuff—a search either painstakingly slow or simply frustrating. "The crowd of reporters and photographers waited across a small parking lot. A television helicopter arrived, circling the encampment for a few minutes. On the second-floor landing above Apartment F3, two FBI agents could be seen in conversation. Reading the body language, said Dave Husse, a television photographer from Los Angeles KABC, the agent in the blue shirt there has been up all night and hes saying, ‘Were not finding anything. "And the other guy is on the cell phone every 10 minutes to Washington saying, ‘We cant put a guy in jail with what weve got here. "He sat with his back to us. Hed sat with network television stars this week. Now he sat in the shadows, alone, making room when a neighbor, Leonard Shinew, came down the stairs, pausing to put his hand on the mans shoulder. "I just said, ‘Are you all right, Richard? Shinew said. "He said, ‘OK. "Shinew is 78 and has lived in the Monaco complex 10 years. "Richards just a regular fella. If you needed something done, who should you ask? Richard. Get my car started. Give me a ride somewhere. Regular fella, and I dont want him and his mother to have to move out. Theyre good neighbors, like everybody here. " Maybe the regular fella had nothing to do with the bomb; the FBI has often sat on a suspect and come up empty. But when the FBI sat on Wayne Williams in 1981, it gathered enough to convict him for two murders and to clear 20 more. "Ken Hawkins remembers. A free-lance photographer who covered Williams and now works this story, he said, Did you see the FBI take those little vacuum cleaners into Jewells apartment? Its exactly what they did with Wayne Williams. And, like this one, they were at Williams place all day. " Richard Jewell sits in the shadows today. "Wayne Williams sits in prison forever. " Kindred would later say that he had not intended to liken Jewell to Williams in the Aug. 1 column, and he did not believe he had done so. He also said he was not concerned about listing the address of Jewells mothers apartment address in the column. "The detail. I like details. he explained. As a matter of journalistic style, the column by Kindred, a former sportswriter for the Washington Post, belongs to a genre of urban color writing in which detail is piled on detail to create a mood or feel for a scene. It is not news reporting, nor is it meant to be. Kindred described his column as a "city column. " In this case, though, some within the Journal-Constitution itself—including four copy editors who later would say that they had raised questions at the time—have been critical of what Kindred did to Jewell. Nowhere did Kindred directly equate Jewell with Williams; indeed, the columnist noted that the FBI had "come up empty" before. Whatever the words say or do not say, however, the impression left in readers minds is indelible—the linking together of a suspect not arrested or charged, let alone convicted, and a man serving a life sentence for the cold-blooded murders of two children. Copy editor Sharon Bailey, who had primary responsibility for handling the column, would later say that she had spotted "material in it I thought was problematic. I thought it was possible that we could be sued over some of this material. " When she expressed her concerns to George Edmonson, assistant managing editor for news, Bailey said he said he would take a look at it. But Edmonson, who said he didnt think there was a problem with the Kindred column and would run it again, says he relayed the concern to Managing Editor John Walter in a telephone call. But Walter said he did not recall that telephone conversation. Another copy editor, Anita Harkins, said she tried to discuss her concern about the columns fairness with night editor James Mallary. She said his response was "something along the lines of ‘Well, its a Dave Kindred column. " Mallary, seemingly distracted, remarked that they were having problems with the color printing on the front page. A third copy editor, Patricia Koester, was sitting across from Harkins and remembers calling up the column on her computer at Harkins request. She said she told her colleague, I think this column is libelous and we need to kill it. Her reasons: The references to Wayne Williams and the missing and murdered childrens case and the fact that the person being talked about wasnt charged. " On the same day the Kindred column ran, the paper did a separate story headlined "Reports say agents backing off. It noted that two television networks had "suggested" in their reporting that federal agents suspicions of Jewell might be diminishing. On the same page was a story sketching out Jewells law enforcement work at Piedmont College and as a Habersham county deputy sheriff. The headline: Police work ‘was his life. Some in North Georgia town say Jewell ‘was on a power kick. There were three other related stories on the page: Homemade evil: Bombs formula is far from secret Guard had only low-level credentials Experts to plot 911 callers voice print The next day, August 2, the new-found note of caution was sounded again. The pendulum was beginning to swing back toward balance. The Journal-Constitution was beginning to edge away from the idea that Richard Jewell was unquestionably the villain of the piece. Its main news story on the bombing that day ran beneath this headline: Guesswork isnt proof: Bomb case could be far from cracked The Aftermath, August 3, 1996 and Beyond In the days that followed, the paper continued to report on the progress of the investigation, but increasingly it conveyed the idea that Jewells guilt was not entirely settled. On Aug. 10—ten days after naming him as the focus of the FBI probe—the paper reported Jewells criminal defense lawyer arguing that it was physically impossible for his client to have made the 911 call, given his known whereabouts at the time of the Olympic Park blast. "The theory of a person setting off a bomb to become a hero doesnt work if you have an accomplice. Jewells criminal defense lawyer said. The story said federal officials would not say whether they believed two people were involved in the bombing or whether the 911 call and the bombing were unrelated. An FBI spokesman would say only: Were still looking at a number of suspects. " That day, the paper ran two bomb-related stories that focused on issues other than the bombers identity. One explored the question of why a backup 911 system was not used when transmission of the call to authorities on the scene was delayed. Another reported that explosive experts thought investigators had learned exactly how the bomb was constructed. It said the device had been made of three galvanized steel pipes, but only one went off—a failure that was attributed to incorrect fusing or an inexperienced bomb maker counting on a chain reaction, which the experts said did not happen with pipe bombs. The story on bomb technology was used as a vehicle to make another point as well: It noted almost in passing that, although Jewell had been questioned repeatedly and his hair samples and fingerprints had been obtained by the FBI, he had not been publicly named a suspect. It also quoted the FBI as saying it was looking at a number of possible suspects. Then on August 20, the Journal-Constitution reported that Jewell had passed a polygraph examination in which he denied any involvement in the bombing. The examination had been conducted by a retired FBI polygraph expert, Richard Rackleff, who was paid by Jewells attorneys. "He didnt do it. Rackleff was quoted as saying. "Theres not any doubt in my mind. He had no knowledge about the bomb. The tests show he absolutely was not involved. " The story quoted the head of Atlantas federal public defender office as vouching for Rackleffs qualifications and integrity; the next days editions of the paper tempered those assurances by noting that Rackleff had previously "cleared" an admitted child molester and a man convicted of hiring a business associate to kill his wife. A few days later, on August 23, the paper reported an ABC News poll that found a large majority of Americans believed Jewell had been treated unfairly by the media. Part of a Ted Koppel special entitled "The Bizarre Case of Richard Jewell, the poll showed 69% of respondents agreed that the media treated Jewell unfairly, 25% thought he had been treated fairly and the other 6% had no opinion. The poll found people to be more evenly divided on the question of who was responsible for damaging Jewells reputation: 41% blamed the media, 32% law enforcement and 25% holding both responsible. Not long after that, Barbara Jewell attended a news conference called by her sons attorneys and urged President Clinton to intervene and exonerate him. "My son has no life. He is a prisoner in my home, the Journal-Constitution quoted her as saying before breaking down in tears and leaving the podium. Three days later it was reported that the White House declined comment and Attorney General Janet Reno refused to exonerate Jewell or apologize to his mother, though the Attorney General did add, I understand how she must feel...

The FBI and the corrupt media haven't changed. they've gotten worse. Richard jewell movie trailer reaction. The media is all about ratings, not facts, u just got called out, F U. Richard jewell imdb. This article originally appeared in our April 1997 issue. I first met Richard Jewell on a flight to New York last January. Im a nervous flyer, and I was looking around the cabin when I saw him sitting across the aisle. He was actually, like, concerned about me. “You dont like takeoffs, do you? ” he asked. He was on his way to do Larry King Live. It was the first prime-time televised interview since hed been named and then cleared by the FBI as the primary suspect in the Centennial Olympic Park bombing last year. I gave him my card, and he called me later, inviting me to dinner. I accepted. He let me pick the place: Royal Orchid Thai Cuisine. Hed never eaten Thai food but insisted we go. Wherever we went that night, he opened every door and even insisted I stay put until he came around to open the car door. He was a complete gentleman and, most definitely, did not epitomize the moniker “Unibubba” handed to him by stand-up comics. Later in the evening, at my suggestion, we went to DuPrees, in midtown, to play pool, where I won two out of eight games because he allowed me to use my stick to sweep the balls into the pocket. At one point we heard a knocking on the door behind us, which Jewell answered to find a young woman on the other side; before she entered, he had to be assured she was over 21. “I dont want to let a minor into a bar, ” he said. “I dont want to be blamed for anything. ” He was interrupted a few times by well-wishers, but overall, Atlantans gave him his space as he played pool. That is until it was time to go, which was when everyone interrupted their gan1es to cheer him as the bashful hero blushed and walked out the door.

Richard jewell bio. I remember this and all the female/SJW reporters could not wait to convict. Richard jewell movie showtimes near me. Richard jewell movie near me.
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  1. Follows the personal and professional lives of six twenty to thirty-something-year-old friends living in Manhattan
  2. Romance
  3. 1994
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No class and even less soul. This show about six twenty-somethings in New York City became an instant classic and the reruns have ensured that the popularity does not fade. Endearing characters, witty jokes and personable storylines throughout the 10 years made this one of the most widely watched shows not just in America but all over the English-speaking world. If you want genuine entertainment you cannot go wrong with Friends.


Click for a review of my purchase at Friends videos! Other Friends items Tour Manhattan "Friends" Sites! Jump to the pages for Joey. HIMYM. TBBT Updated July 18, 2019 frequently asked questions, episode guide, music in episodes, feedback, other sites, mailing lists & newsgroups Why is this 'The Original' Friends site.
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DOWNLOAD FRIENDS FREE HD 720P Friends is an American situation comedy about six friends living in the same apartment complex in Manhattan. It originally aired on NBC from September 22, 1994 - May 6, 2004, lasting ten seasons. The ensemble cast includes Jennifer Aniston, Courteney Cox, Lisa Kudrow, Matt LeBlanc, Matthew Perry and David Schwimmer. Watch Friends Online Free in HD, watch full-length friends episodes, Watch Friends episodes online, F. R. I. E. N. D. S Complete Series Online, Friends Series Seasons 1-10, Friends full episodes. Seasons 12 See all Loading... Episodes 306 See all Loading... Friends ( 10 x 18) The Last One (2) May. 06, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 17) The Last One (1) May. 06, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 16) The One with Rachel's Going Away Party Apr. 29, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 15) The One Where Estelle Dies Apr. 22, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 14) The One with Princess Consuela Feb. 26, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 13) The One Where Joey Speaks French Feb. 19, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 12) The One with Phoebe's Wedding Feb. 12, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 11) The One Where the Stripper Cries Feb. 05, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 10) The One Where Chandler Gets Caught Jan. 15, 2004 Friends ( 10 x 9) The One with the Birth Mother Jan. 08, 2004.

Friends is by far the best show ever. Sure you have Seinfeld and others but Friends is the greatest. In every episode you are guaranteed a laugh. All six friends become part of your life and you feel for them. Great actors put this show together and it is truly amazing. The chemistry is great on stage. Each character has a different personality. I love all of these friends and the creators did a remarkable script. Love or hate it but at least give it a try once or twice. You can see the same episode five times and still laugh. When you not feeling well and you could use a laugh, watch Friends. I promise you will love it.

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If i was Jimmy Fallon Id be blushing during the whole interview because shes so damn gorgeous.


"Central Perk" redirects here. It is not to be confused with Central Park. Friends Genre Sitcom Created by David Crane Marta Kauffman Starring Jennifer Aniston Courteney Cox Lisa Kudrow Matt LeBlanc Matthew Perry David Schwimmer Theme music composer Michael Skloff Allee Willis Opening theme " I'll Be There for You " by The Rembrandts Country of origin United States Original language(s) English No. of seasons 10 No. of episodes 236 ( list of episodes) Production Executive producer(s) David Crane Marta Kauffman Kevin S. Bright Michael Borkow (season 4) Michael Curtis (season 5) Adam Chase (seasons 5–6) Greg Malins (seasons 5–7) Wil Calhoun (season 7) Scott Silveri (seasons 8–10) Shana Goldberg-Meehan (seasons 8–10) Andrew Reich (seasons 8–10) Ted Cohen (seasons 8–10) Production location(s) Warner Bros. Studios, Burbank, California Camera setup Multi-camera Running time 20–22 minutes (per episode) 22–65 minutes (extended international TV & DVD episodes) Production company(s) Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions Warner Bros. Television Distributor Warner Bros. Television Distribution Release Original network NBC Picture format NTSC ( 480i) original broadcast) HDTV 1080i (2012 remaster) Audio format Dolby Surround 2. 0 (original broadcast) Dolby Digital 5. 1 (2012 remaster) Original release September 22, 1994  – May 6, 2004 Chronology Followed by Joey (2004–2006) Friends is an American sitcom television series, created by David Crane and Marta Kauffman, which aired on NBC from September 22, 1994, to May 6, 2004, lasting ten seasons. [1] With an ensemble cast starring Jennifer Aniston, Courteney Cox, Lisa Kudrow, Matt LeBlanc, Matthew Perry and David Schwimmer, the show revolved around six friends in their 20s and 30s who lived in Manhattan, New York City. The series was produced by Bright/Kauffman/Crane Productions, in association with Warner Bros. Television. The original executive producers were Kevin S. Bright, Kauffman, and Crane. Kauffman and Crane began developing Friends under the title Insomnia Cafe between November and December 1993. They presented the idea to Bright, and together they pitched a seven-page treatment of the show to NBC. After several script rewrites and changes, including title changes to Six of One [2] and Friends Like Us, the series was finally named Friends. [3] Filming of the show took place at Warner Bros. Studios in Burbank, California. All ten seasons of Friends ranked within the top ten of the final television season ratings; it ultimately reached the number-one spot in its eighth season. The series finale aired on May 6, 2004, and was watched by around 52. 5 million American viewers, making it the fifth most-watched series finale in television history, 4] 5] 6] and the most-watched television episode of the 2000s decade. [7] 8] Friends received acclaim throughout its run, becoming one of the most popular television shows of all time. [9] The series was nominated for 62 Primetime Emmy Awards, winning the Outstanding Comedy Series award in 2002 [10] for its eighth season. The show ranked no. 21 on TV Guide ' s 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time, 11] and no. 7 on Empire magazine's The 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time. [12] 13] In 1997, the episode " The One with the Prom Video " was ranked no. 100 on TV Guide ' s 100 Greatest Episodes of All-Time. [14] In 2013, Friends ranked no. 24 on the Writers Guild of America 's 101 Best Written TV Series of All Time, 15] and no. 28 on TV Guide ' s 60 Best TV Series of All Time. [16] Premise In West Village, Rachel Green, a sheltered but friendly woman, flees her wedding day and her rich yet unfulfilling life, and finds childhood friend Monica Geller, a tightly-wound but caring chef. After Rachel becomes a waitress at coffee house Central Perk, she and Monica become roommates at Monica's apartment located directly above Central Perk, and Rachel joins Monica's group of single people in their mid-20s: her previous roommate Phoebe Buffay, an eccentric, innocent masseuse; her neighbor across the hall Joey Tribbiani, a dim-witted yet loyal struggling actor and womanizer; Joey's roommate Chandler Bing, a sarcastic, self-deprecating IT manager; and her older brother and Chandler's college roommate Ross Geller, a sweet-natured but insecure paleontologist. Episodes depict the friends' comedic and romantic adventures and career issues, such as Joey auditioning for roles or Rachel seeking jobs in the fashion industry. The six characters each have many dates and serious relationships, such as Monica with Richard Burke, and Ross with Emily Waltham. Ross and Rachel's intermittent relationship is the most often-recurring storyline; during the ten seasons of the show, they repeatedly date and break up. Ross briefly marries Emily. Ross and Rachel have a child together after a one-night stand, Chandler and Monica date and marry each other, and Phoebe marries Mike Hannigan. Other frequently recurring characters include Ross and Monica's parents Jack and Judy Geller from Long Island; Ross's ex-wife Carol Willick, their son Ben Geller as well as Carol's wife Susan Bunch; Central Perk barista Gunther; Chandler's ex-girlfriend Janice Goralnik; and Phoebe's twin sister Ursula. Cast and characters The main cast of Friends. From top to bottom: Aniston, Cox, Kudrow, LeBlanc, Perry, and Schwimmer. Jennifer Aniston as Rachel Green: A fashion enthusiast and Monica Geller's best friend from childhood. Rachel first moves in with Monica in season one after nearly marrying Barry Farber. Rachel and Ross Geller are later involved in an on-again, off-again relationship throughout the series. Rachel dates other men during the series, such as an Italian neighbour, Paolo, in season one; Joshua Bergin, a client from Bloomingdale's, in season four; Tag Jones, her assistant, in season seven; and Joey Tribbiani in season ten. Rachel's first job is as a waitress at the coffee house Central Perk, but she later becomes an assistant buyer at Bloomingdale's in season three, and a buyer at Ralph Lauren in season five. Rachel and Ross have a daughter named Emma in " The One Where Rachel Has a Baby, Part Two " at the end of season eight. In the final episode of the series, Ross and Rachel confess their love for each other, and Rachel gives up a job in Paris to be with him. Courteney Cox as Monica Geller: The mother hen of the group and a chef, 17] known for her perfectionist, bossy, competitive, and obsessive-compulsive nature. [18] 19] Monica was overweight as a child. She works as a chef in various restaurants throughout the show. Monica's first serious relationship is with a long-time family friend Richard Burke, who is twenty-one years her senior. The couple maintains a strong relationship for some time until Richard expresses that he does not want to have children. Monica and Chandler Bing later start a relationship after spending a night with each other in London in the season four finale, leading to their marriage in season seven and adoption of twins at the end of the series. Lisa Kudrow as Phoebe Buffay: A masseuse and self-taught musician. As a child, Phoebe lived in upstate New York with her mother, until she committed suicide and Phoebe took to the streets. She writes and sings her own strange songs, accompanying herself on the guitar. She has an identical twin named Ursula, who shares Phoebe's traits. Phoebe has three serious relationships over the show's run: David, a scientist, in season one, whom she breaks up with when he moves to Minsk on a research grant; Gary, a police officer whose badge she finds, in season five; and an on-and-off relationship with Mike Hannigan in seasons nine and ten. In season nine, Phoebe and Mike break up due to his desire not to marry. David returns from Minsk, leading to the two getting back together, but she eventually rejects him for Mike when both of them propose to her. Phoebe and Mike marry in season ten. [20] 21] Matt LeBlanc as Joey Tribbiani: A struggling actor and food lover who becomes famous for his role on soap opera Days of Our Lives as Dr. Drake Ramoray. Joey has many short-term girlfriends. Despite his womanizing, Joey is innocent, caring, and well-intentioned. [22] Joey often uses the catchphrase pick-up line "How you doin. in his attempts to win over most of the women he meets. Joey rooms with his best friend Chandler for years, and later with Rachel. He falls in love with Rachel in season eight, but Rachel politely tells Joey that she does not share his feelings. They eventually date briefly in season ten, but after realizing it will not work due to their friendship and Rachel's complicated relationship with Ross, they return to being friends. Matthew Perry as Chandler Bing: An executive in statistical analysis and data reconfiguration for a large, multinational corporation. Chandler hates this job, although it pays well. He attempts to quit during season one but is lured back with a new office and a pay raise. He eventually quits this job in season nine due to a transfer to Tulsa. He becomes a junior copywriter at an advertising agency later that season. Chandler has a peculiar family history being the son of an erotic novelist mother and a gay, cross-dressing Las Vegas star father. Chandler is known for his sarcastic sense of humor and bad luck in relationships. [23] Chandler marries Monica in season seven, and they adopt twins at the end of the series. Before his relationship with Monica, Chandler dated Janice Hosenstein in season one and subsequently broke up with her many times. David Schwimmer as Ross Geller: Monica Geller's older brother, a palaeontologist working at the Museum of Natural History, and later a tenured professor of palaeontology at the New York University. Ross is involved in an on-again, off-again relationship with Rachel throughout the series. He has three failed marriages during the series: Carol Willick, a lesbian who is also the mother of his son, Ben Geller; Emily Waltham, who divorces him after he accidentally says Rachel's name instead of hers during their wedding vows; and Rachel, as the two drunkenly marry in Las Vegas. His divorces become a running joke within the series. Following a one-night stand, he and Rachel have a daughter, Emma, by the end of season eight. They finally confess that they are still in love with each other in the series finale. James Michael Tyler appears as Gunther, a barista at Central Perk in every season of the show, but is only ever credited as a guest star. Gunther, at one point, becomes the manager of the coffee house. It is revealed that Gunther speaks Dutch in addition to English. In their original contracts for the first season, cast members were paid 22, 500 per episode. [24] The cast members received different salaries in the second season, beginning from the 20, 000 range to 40, 000 per episode. [24] 25] Before their salary negotiations for the third season, the cast decided to enter collective negotiations, despite Warner Bros. preference for individual deals. [26] The actors were given the salary of the least paid cast member. The stars were paid 75, 000 per episode in season three, 85, 000 in season four, 100, 000 in season five, 125, 000 in season six, 750, 000 in seasons seven and eight, and 1 million in seasons nine and ten, making Aniston, Cox, and Kudrow the highest-paid TV actresses of all time. [27] 28] 29] The cast also received syndication royalties beginning in 2000 after renegotiations. At the time, that financial benefit of a piece of the show's lucrative back-end profits had only been given out to stars who had ownership rights in a show, like Jerry Seinfeld and Bill Cosby. [30] Series creator David Crane wanted all six actors to be equally prominent, 31] and the series was lauded as being "the first true ' ensemble ' show. 32] The cast members made efforts to keep the ensemble format and not allow one member to dominate; 32] they entered themselves in the same acting categories for awards, opted for collective salary negotiations, 32] and asked to appear together on magazine cover photos in the first season. [34] The cast members also became best friends off-screen, 35] so much so that recurring guest star Tom Selleck reported that he sometimes felt left out. [36] The cast remained good friends after the series run, most notably Cox and Aniston, with Aniston being godmother to Cox and David Arquette 's daughter, Coco. [37] In the official farewell commemorative book Friends 'Til the End, each separately acknowledged in interviews that the cast had become their family. [38] 39] Episodes Season 1 The first season introduces the six main characters: Rachel, Monica, Phoebe, Joey, Chandler, and Ross. Rachel arrives at Central Perk after leaving her fiancé Barry at the altar. She moves into an apartment with her high school friend Monica and takes up a waitressing job at Central Perk. Ross, who has had a crush on Rachel since high school, constantly attempts to declare his feelings for her. However, many obstacles stand in his way, including Rachel dating an Italian neighbour named Paolo, and the fact that he is expecting a baby with his lesbian ex-wife, Carol. She gives birth later in the season and names the child Ben. Joey is a bachelor and struggling actor. Phoebe is working as a masseuse; she is slightly crazy because her mother committed suicide when she was a child. However, the rest of the group loves her regardless. Chandler breaks up with his girlfriend, Janice ( Maggie Wheeler) only to find himself reconnecting with her over the course of the series. Near the end of the season, Chandler accidentally reveals that Ross loves Rachel, who then realizes that she feels the same way. The season ends with Rachel waiting at the airport for Ross, who is returning from a trip. Season 2 Rachel greets Ross at the airport only to discover that he is dating Julie ( Lauren Tom) someone he knew from graduate school. Rachel's attempts to tell Ross that she loves him initially mirror his failed attempts in the first season, but later there is friction between them when Rachel discovers a list of cons of dating her made by Ross after he breaks up with Julie. They eventually begin a relationship after Rachel watches an old home video and realizes the effort Ross made to stand in for her prom date who nearly stood her up. Monica is fired from her job as chef in the Iridium restaurant for accepting gifts against the company policy and as a result, her savings deteriorate to the point of her having to take an embarrassing job as a waitress at a 50s-style diner. Joey gets cast in a fictional version of the soap opera, Days of Our Lives as neurosurgeon Dr. Drake Ramoray, and soon moves out of his and Chandler's apartment, forcing Chandler to get a new roommate, Eddie ( Adam Goldberg. However, Eddie turns out to be an annoying and mentally ill psychopath to Chandler, and Joey's character is killed off after he begins to claim that he writes many of his own lines, bringing him into conflict with the show's writers. With his new apartment being repossessed, Joey moves back in with Chandler, kicking Eddie out in the process. Chandler gets back together with Janice after they both unknowingly chat with each other online. Monica begins dating Richard ( Tom Selleck) a recently divorced family friend 21 years her senior, but eventually breaks up with him when she realizes that Richard does not want kids. Season 3 Season 3 takes on a significantly greater serialized format. Chandler and Janice date for several episodes until Joey catches Janice kissing her soon-to-be ex-husband. Not wanting to destroy her family, Chandler urges Janice to go back to her husband, and becomes depressed over the breakup for several episodes. Rachel quits her job at Central Perk and begins working at Bloomingdale's, an upscale department store chain, and Ross becomes jealous of her colleague, Mark. Rachel decides to take a break from their relationship. Ross, hurt and drunk, sleeps with Chloe, the hot girl from the Xerox place. causing Rachel to break up with him. Chandler has a hard time dealing with their breakup because it reminds him of his parents' divorce. Although Phoebe initially believes she has no family except her twin sister Ursula ( Lisa Kudrow) she becomes acquainted with her half-brother Frank Jr. Giovanni Ribisi) and birth mother Phoebe Abbott ( Teri Garr) over the course of the season. Joey begins a relationship with his acting partner Kate ( Dina Meyer) which ends when she receives acting opportunities in Los Angeles. Monica begins a relationship with millionaire Pete Becker ( Jon Favreau) despite not initially being attracted to him until they kiss. However, when Pete gets seriously hurt trying to become the Ultimate Fighting Champion, she breaks up with him. Phoebe sets Ross up on a date with her friend Bonnie ( Christine Taylor) causing Rachel to get jealous. She tries to sabotage the relationship by coercing Bonnie to shave her head bald, and eventually admits to Ross that she still has feelings for him. The season closes with Ross being forced to choose between Rachel and Bonnie. Season 4 In the season 4 premiere, after Ross breaks up with Bonnie, he and Rachel briefly reconcile after Ross pretends to read a long letter that Rachel wrote for him. However, Ross continues to insist that the two were on a break when he slept with Chloe, so they break up again. Joey dates Kathy ( Paget Brewster) a girl that Chandler has a crush on. Kathy and Chandler later kiss, which causes drama between Chandler and Joey. Joey only forgives Chandler and allows him to date Kathy after Chandler spends Thanksgiving in a box as punishment. Chandler's relationship with Kathy ends after discovering she cheated on him due to an argument. Phoebe loses her job as a masseuse after making out with one of her clients and she accompanies Monica who becomes a caterer for hire. They soon start a catering business together but Monica, after negatively reviewing a restaurant, Allesandro's, is offered the position of head chef. Despite initially being pressured by the wrath of her co-workers, Monica eventually asserts her dominance in the kitchen. Phoebe becomes a surrogate mother for her brother and his wife Alice ( Debra Jo Rupp. Monica and Rachel are forced to switch apartments with Joey and Chandler after losing a bet during a quiz game, but manage to switch back by bribing them with Knicks season tickets and a one-minute kiss (off-screen) between each other. After her boss dies, Rachel is demoted to personal shopping and meets and later dates a customer named Joshua ( Tate Donovan. Ross begins dating an English woman named Emily ( Helen Baxendale) and they quickly get engaged. Rachel struggles to cope and hastily suggests Joshua marry her, to which he rejects her. In the season finale, the group, apart from Phoebe and Rachel, travel to Ross and Emily's wedding in London. Chandler and Monica sleep together, and Rachel, realizing that she is still in love with Ross, rushes to London to stop Ross and Emily's wedding, but changes her mind when she sees them happy together. While saying his vows, Ross says Rachel's name at the altar, shocking his bride and the guests. Season 5 Ross and Emily marry, but an angry Emily flees the reception. Rachel soon admits her love for Ross, but realizing how ridiculous this is, advises him to work on his marriage to Emily. She develops a crush on her neighbour, Danny, and they date briefly until she realizes that he is too close with his sister. The season features Monica and Chandler trying to keep their new relationship a secret from their friends. Phoebe gives birth to triplets in the show's 100th episode. She gives birth to a boy, Frank Jr. Jr., and two girls, Leslie and Chandler. After weeks of trying to contact her, Emily agrees to reconcile with Ross and move to New York if he breaks off all communication with Rachel. Ross agrees, but later attends a dinner with all his friends, Rachel included. Emily phones Ross, discovers Rachel is there, and realizes she does not trust him, ending their marriage. Ross takes out his anger at work, resulting in him being indefinitely suspended from the museum, and he moves in with Chandler and Joey until eventually getting a new apartment across the street from them. Rachel acquires a new job at Ralph Lauren. Phoebe begins a relationship with a police officer, Gary ( Michael Rapaport) after finding his badge and using it as her own. Monica and Chandler go public with their relationship, to the surprise and delight of their friends. They decide to get married on a trip to Las Vegas, but change their plans after witnessing Ross and Rachel drunkenly stumbling out of the wedding chapel. Season 6 In the season 6 premiere, Ross and Rachel's marriage turns out to be a drunken mistake that neither of them remember until pointed out by their friends. Ross secretly tries to get an annulment because he does not want to have had three divorces. An annulment turns out to be impossible because of their history and they are forced to get divorced. After becoming annoyed by numerous signs that they should get married, Monica and Chandler decide to just move in together, causing Rachel to move in with Phoebe. Joey gets a new roommate, Janine ( Elle Macpherson) and they realize they have feelings for each other and date briefly until Janine criticises Monica and Chandler. After they break up and Janine moves out, Joey struggles with paying his bills and takes up a job as a waiter at Central Perk. He soon lands a role on a cable television series called Mac and C. H. E. S. E., where he stars alongside a robot. Ross gets a job lecturing at New York University and starts dating one of his students, Elizabeth ( Alexandra Holden) despite it being against university rules. He seeks the approval of her father Paul ( Bruce Willis) only for Rachel and Paul to start dating instead. Both relationships soon end, because Elizabeth is too immature for Ross and Paul is too emotional for Rachel. Phoebe and Rachel's apartment catches fire, and Rachel moves in with Joey, while Phoebe moves in with Chandler and Monica. During a visit to a museum which offers wedding services with a two-year waiting list, Monica is persuaded by Phoebe and Rachel to put her and Chandler's name on the sign-up sheet for fun. However, the museum leaves a message about an available booking while Chandler is home, causing Chandler to freak out; however, Monica does not know that Chandler is planning to ask Monica to marry him. During dinner, his planned proposal is halted when they encounter her ex-boyfriend Richard, who soon confesses his love for her and his desire to marry and have kids with her. She becomes upset about the situation, especially after Chandler claims he may never want to get married in order to hide his proposal plans, to the point where she visits Richard and complains to him. Chandler is led to believe that Monica has left him until he comes home to find their apartment decorated for her to propose to him. She is too emotional to finish, so Chandler proposes to her, which she accepts. Season 7 The seventh season mainly follows Monica and Chandler, who begin to plan their wedding and run into various problems. Joey's television series Mac and C. E is cancelled, but he is offered his job back on Days of Our Lives; the show is retconned with the revelation that Dr. Drake Ramoray's "death" merely landed him in a four-year-long coma; and the character is revived by getting another character's brain in a transplant. Phoebe's apartment is rebuilt, but it now has only one large bedroom instead of the original two, so Rachel decides to stay with Joey. Rachel receives a promotion at Ralph Lauren and impulsively hires an assistant, Tag Jones ( Eddie Cahill) based on his looks despite being under-qualified. Tag learns that she has feelings for him at Thanksgiving and they start a relationship, keeping it hidden from their co-workers. However, on her 30th birthday Rachel breaks up with him when she realizes that their six-year age difference makes him too young and immature for her to be dating if she intends to follow her marriage schedule. Just prior to Monica and Chandler's wedding, after Chandler goes into hiding, Phoebe and Rachel find a positive pregnancy test in the bathroom of Monica and Chandler's apartment, assuming that it is Monica's. Ross and Phoebe are able to convince Chandler to return for the ceremony, but he briefly bolts out after finding out about the pregnancy test, only to return later considering the idea of fatherhood. Chandler and Monica get married but when he asks her about the pregnancy test, she denies that it is hers; unbeknown to them it turns out that the positive pregnancy test found in their bathroom belongs to Rachel. Season 8 Season 8 begins at Monica and Chandler's wedding reception. When Phoebe and Monica find out that Rachel is the one who had the positive pregnancy test, Rachel takes another pregnancy test, which Phoebe initially pretends is negative, in order to find out how Rachel feels about being pregnant. Rachel becomes sad when she thinks she is not pregnant, so Phoebe tells her the truth. Rachel, Phoebe, and Monica then rejoice in the bathroom. The season revolves around Rachel's pregnancy, especially once Ross is revealed to be the father. Rachel and Ross decide to have the baby but do not resume their romantic relationship; Ross soon begins going out with Monica's co-worker, Mona ( Bonnie Somerville. Joey takes Rachel out on a date to comfort her due to her pregnancy but ends up developing romantic feelings for her. He struggles with his feelings and encourages Rachel to move in with Ross so he does not miss out on the pregnancy. This results in Mona breaking up with Ross when she finds out, and Joey tells Ross about his feelings for Rachel. Ross initially becomes angry but gives Joey his blessing. Joey tells Rachel that he loves her but she does not reciprocate his feelings; things between them become awkward for a while but they are able to remain friends. Rachel gives birth to baby Emma in the season finale. At the hospital, Ross's mother offers him an engagement ring because she wants him to marry Rachel. Ross does not intend to ask Rachel to marry him, but he takes the ring anyway and puts it in his jacket pocket. While waiting around in the hospital, Monica and Chandler decide to try for a baby. Meanwhile, in the post-delivery room, Joey picks up Ross's jacket while looking for some tissue. The ring falls to the floor. He kneels to pick it up and turns to Rachel, still on his knees and still holding the ring. Rachel accepts what she thinks is his proposal of marriage, while Ross is on his way to her room to ask her if she wants to resume their relationship. Season 9 Season nine begins with Ross and Rachel living together as roommates with their daughter Emma, after Joey and Rachel clear up the misunderstanding with the proposal. Monica and Chandler try to have a baby of their own but several obstacles occur: Chandler unknowingly agrees to travel to Tulsa for work; Monica originally intends to go with him but is offered a head chef job at a new restaurant, Javu, resulting in Chandler commuting back and forth between Tulsa and New York every week. After being apart from Monica during Christmas, Chandler soon quits his job and pursues a career in advertising. He starts at an unpaid internship at the agency, but is soon promoted to junior copywriter. Finally, Monica and Chandler find out that they are physically unable to conceive, and after considering surrogacy and sperm donation, decide to adopt instead. Phoebe begins dating Mike Hannigan ( Paul Rudd) for most of the season until Mike tells her that he never wants to marry again. Phoebe soon begins dating her ex-boyfriend from season 1, David ( Hank Azaria) and he plans on proposing to her, but when Mike proposes first, Phoebe rejects both proposals but gets back together with Mike, only needing the reassurance that they have a future together. Rachel, believing that her co-worker Gavin ( Dermot Mulroney) is trying to steal her job while she is on maternity leave, returns to Ralph Lauren early. She discovers at her birthday party that Gavin has feelings for her and they kiss. However, they decide not to do anything about it due to her history with Ross; but Ross, having seen the kiss, tries to get back at Rachel by dating other women. After realizing that her situation with Ross is too weird, Rachel and Emma move in with Joey, and Rachel develops a crush on him, only to be disheartened when he starts dating Charlie ( Aisha Tyler) a new paleontology professor at the university whom Ross has a crush on. The group travels to Barbados in the finale to hear Ross give a keynote speech at a paleontology conference. Joey and Charlie break up upon realizing they have nothing in common, and Joey realizes that Rachel has feelings for him, but says they cannot pursue this because of Ross. However, upon seeing Ross and Charlie kiss each other, he goes to Rachel's hotel room, and the finale ends with the two of them kissing. Season 10 The tenth season brings several long-running storylines to a close. Joey and Rachel try to contend with Ross's feelings about their relationship and decide it would be best to remain friends. Charlie breaks up with Ross to get back together with her ex-boyfriend. Phoebe and Mike get married mid-season outside the Central Perk coffee house. Monica and Chandler apply to adopt a child and are chosen by Erica ( Anna Faris. Following this, Monica and Chandler prepare to move to a house in the suburbs to raise their family, saddening everyone, including Joey who becomes upset with the changes in his life. In the series finale, Erica gives birth to fraternal twins, to Monica and Chandler's surprise. Rachel gets fired from her job at Ralph Lauren when her boss catches her secretly interviewing for a new job a Gucci. She encounters her former Bloomingdale co-worker Mark, who offers her a new job at Louis Vuitton in Paris. Ross tries to get Rachel her job back by secretly meeting with her boss but eventually gives up after realizing that the Paris job is her dream job. When Rachel says a tearful goodbye to everyone but Ross at her going away party, a hurt and angry Ross confronts Rachel, and they end up sleeping together. Rachel leaves, and Ross — who now realizes he is in love with her — chases her to the airport. When he reaches her, Rachel realizes she loves him too, and gets off the plane at the last minute to reunite with him. The series ends with all the friends, plus Monica and Chandler's new babies, leaving the apartment together for a final cup of coffee at Central Perk. The show ends first with a shot of the keys to Monica and Chandler's apartment, on the counter table, and then with a shot of the apartment's purple door. Production Conception It's about sex, love, relationships, careers, a time in your life when everything's possible. And it's about friendship because when you're single and in the city, your friends are your family. —  The original treatment used by Crane, Kauffman and Bright to pitch the series to NBC. [40] David Crane and Marta Kauffman began developing three new television pilots that would premiere in 1994 after their sitcom Family Album was cancelled by CBS in 1993. [41] Kauffman and Crane decided to pitch the series about "six people in their 20s making their way in Manhattan" to NBC since they thought it would fit best there. [42] Crane and Kauffman presented the idea to their production partner Kevin Bright, who had served as executive producer on their HBO series Dream On. [43] The idea for the series was conceived when Crane and Kauffman began thinking about the time when they had finished college and started living by themselves in New York; Kauffman believed they were looking at a time when the future was "more of a question mark. 40] They found the concept to be interesting, as they believed "everybody knows that feeling. 40] and because it was also how they felt about their own lives at the time. [40] The team titled the series Insomnia Cafe and pitched the idea as a seven-page treatment to NBC in December 1993. [40] 42] At the same time, Warren Littlefield, the then-president of NBC Entertainment, was seeking a comedy involving young people living together and sharing expenses. Littlefield wanted the group to share memorable periods of their lives with friends, who had become "new, surrogate family members. 20] However, Littlefield found difficulty in bringing the concept to life and found the scripts developed by NBC to be terrible. When Kauffman, Crane and Bright pitched Insomnia Cafe, Littlefield was impressed that they knew who their characters were. [20] NBC bought the idea as a put pilot, meaning they risked financial penalties if the pilot was not filmed. [44] Kauffman and Crane took three days to write the pilot script for a show they titled Friends Like Us. [40] 45] Littlefield wanted the series to "represent Generation X and explore a new kind of tribal bonding" but the rest disagreed. Crane argued that it was not a series for one generation, and wanted to produce a series that everyone would enjoy watching. [20] NBC liked the script and ordered the series. They changed the title to Six of One, mainly because they felt Friends Like Us was too similar to the ABC sitcom These Friends of Mine. [46] Casting The producers wanted Courteney Cox ( pictured) to portray Rachel, and Jennifer Aniston as Monica; However, Cox and Aniston disagreed, so Cox was cast as Monica and Aniston as Rachel Once it became apparent that the series was a favored project at NBC, Littlefield reported that he was getting calls from every agent in town, wanting their client to be a part of the series. [20] Auditions for the lead roles took place in New York and Los Angeles. [47] The casting director shortlisted 1, 000 actors who had applied for each role down to 75. Those who received a callback read in front of Crane, Kauffman and Bright. At the end of March, the number of potential actors had been reduced to three or four for each part, and were asked to read for Les Moonves, then-president of Warner Bros. [48] Having worked with David Schwimmer in the past, 47] the series creators wrote the character of Ross with him in mind, and he was the first actor cast. [49] Cox wanted to play the role of Monica because she liked the "strong" character, but the producers had her in mind to play Rachel because of her "cheery, upbeat energy" which was not how they envisioned Monica; after Cox's audition, though, Kauffman agreed with Cox, and she got the role. [40] 50] When Matt LeBlanc auditioned for Joey, he put a "different spin" on the character. [40] He played Joey more simple-minded than intended and gave the character heart. Although Crane and Kauffman did not want LeBlanc for the role at the time, they were told by the network to cast him. [40] Jennifer Aniston, Matthew Perry and Lisa Kudrow were cast based on their auditions. [47] More changes occurred to the series's storylines during the casting process. The writers found that they had to adjust the characters they had written to suit the actors, and the discovery process of the characters occurred throughout the first season. Kauffman acknowledged that Joey's character became "this whole new being" and that "it wasn't until we did the first Thanksgiving episode that we realized how much fun Monica's neuroses are. 51] Writing In the weeks after NBC's pick up of Friends, Crane, Kauffman and Bright reviewed sent-in scripts that writers had originally prepared for other series, mainly unproduced Seinfeld episodes. [52] Kauffman and Crane hired a team of seven young writers because "When you're 40, you can't do it anymore. The networks and studios are looking for young people coming in out of college. 53] The creators felt that using six equal characters, rather than emphasizing one or two, would allow for "myriad storylines and give the show legs. 31] The majority of the storyline ideas came from the writers, although the actors added ideas. [47] Although the writers originally planned the big love story to be between Joey and Monica, the idea of a romantic interest between Ross and Rachel emerged during the period when Kauffman and Crane wrote the pilot script. [40] During the production of the pilot, NBC requested that the script be changed to feature one dominant storyline and several minor ones, but the writers refused, wanting to keep three storylines of equal weight. [46] NBC also wanted the writers to include an older character to balance out the young ones. Crane and Kauffman were forced to comply and wrote a draft of an early episode that featured "Pat the Cop. who would be used to provide advice to the other characters. Crane found the storyline to be terrible, and Kauffman joked, You know the kids [ sic] book, Pat the Bunny? We had Pat the Cop. NBC eventually relented and dropped the idea. [40] Each summer, the producers would outline the storylines for the subsequent season. [54] Before an episode went into production, Kauffman and Crane would revise the script written by another writer, mainly if something concerning either the series or a character felt foreign. [52] The hardest episodes to write were always "the first one and the last one of each season. 55] Unlike other storylines, the idea for a relationship between Joey and Rachel was decided on halfway through the eighth season. The creators did not want Ross and Rachel to get back together so soon, and while looking for a romantic impediment, a writer suggested Joey's romantic interest in Rachel. The storyline was incorporated into the season; however, when the actors feared that the storyline would make their characters unlikable, the storyline was wrapped up, until it again resurfaced in the season's finale. For the ninth season, the writers were unsure about the amount of storyline to give to Rachel's baby, as they wanted the show neither to revolve around a baby nor pretend there to be none. [54] Crane said that it took them a while to accept the idea of a tenth season, which they decided to do because they had enough stories left to tell to justify the season. Kauffman and Crane would not have signed on for an eleventh season, even if all the cast members had wanted to continue. [51] The episode title format—"The One. 56] —was created when the producers realized that the episode titles would not be featured in the opening credits, and therefore would be unknown to most of the audience. Episode titles officially begin with "The One. except the title of the pilot episode and the series finale " The Last One. " Filming The first season was shot on Stage 5 at Warner Bros. [57] NBC executives had worried that the coffee house setting was too hip and asked for the series to be set in a diner, but, eventually consented to the coffee house concept. [40] The opening title sequence was filmed in a fountain at the Warner Bros. Ranch at 4:00 am, while it was particularly cold for a Burbank morning. [58] At the beginning of the second season, production moved to the larger Stage 24, which was renamed "The Friends Stage" after the series finale. [59] Filming for the series began during the summer of 1994 in front of a live audience, who were given a summary of the series to familiarize themselves with the six main characters; 40] a hired comedian entertained the studio audience between takes. [34] Each 22-minute episode took six hours to film—twice the length of most sitcom tapings—mainly due to the several retakes and rewrites of the script. [34] Although the producers always wanted to find the right stories to take advantage of being on location, Friends was never shot in New York. Bright felt that filming outside the studio made episodes less funny, even when shooting on the lot outside, and that the live audience was an integral part of the series. [47] When the series was criticized for incorrectly depicting New York, with the financially struggling group of friends being able to afford huge apartments, Bright noted that the set had to be big enough for the cameras, lighting, and "for the audience to be able to see what's going on. 47] the apartments also needed to provide a place for the actors to execute the funny scripts. [47] The fourth-season finale was shot on location in London because the producers were aware of the series's popularity in the UK. [47] The scenes were shot in a studio with three audiences each made up of 500 people. These were the show's largest audiences throughout its run. The fifth-season finale, set in Las Vegas, was filmed at Warner Bros. Studios, although Bright met people who thought it was filmed on location. [60] Series finale The cast became very emotional while filming the final episode. Jennifer Aniston explained, We're like very delicate china right now, and we're speeding toward a brick wall. 61] The series's creators completed the first draft of the hour-long finale in January 2004, four months before its original airing. Crane, Kauffman and Bright watched the finales of other sitcoms to prepare the episode's outline, paying attention to what worked and what did not. They liked the ones that stayed true to the series, citing the finale of The Mary Tyler Moore Show as the gold standard. Crane, Kauffman, and Bright had difficulty writing the finale. They did not want to do "something high concept, or take the show out of the show. 62] The most critical parts of the finale were shot without an audience, and with a minimum number of crew members. The main cast enjoyed the finale and were confident that the fans would react similarly: 62] It's exactly what I had hoped. We all end up with a sense of a new beginning and the audience has a sense that it's a new chapter in the lives of all these characters. NBC heavily promoted the series finale, which was preceded by weeks of media hype. [63] Local NBC affiliates organized viewing parties around the U. S., including an event at Universal CityWalk featuring a special broadcast of the finale on an outdoor Astrovision screen. [64] The finale was the subject of two episodes of Dateline NBC, one of which ran for two hours. A one-hour retrospective of clips from previous episodes was shown before to the airing of the episode. Following the finale, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno was filmed on the set of the Friends ' Central Perk coffee house, which featured the series's cast as guests. [65] 66] The advertising rates for the finale averaged 2 million for 30 seconds of commercial time, breaking the record held by the Seinfeld finale at 1. 7 million. [64] In the U. S., 52. 5 million viewers watched the finale on May 6, 2004, making it the most-watched entertainment telecast since the Seinfeld finale in 1998. [65] Although not the most-watched episode of the series, 67] the finale was the fourth most-watched series finale in television history, only behind the finales of M*A*S*H, Cheers and Seinfeld, which were respectively watched by 105, 80. 4 and 76. 2 million viewers. The retrospective episode was watched by fewer than 36 million viewers, and the finale was the second most-watched television broadcast of the year in the United States, only behind the Super Bowl. [65] Following the finales of Friends and Frasier, media critics speculated about the fate of the sitcom genre. Expressed opinions varied between a signalling of the end of the sitcom genre, a small decline in the large history of the genre, 64] and a general reduction of scripted television in favor of reality shows. [63] Reception Critical reception Early reviews of the series were mixed; and it holds a Metacritic score of 59 out of 100, based on 20 sampled reviews, indicating "mixed to average reviews. 68] Tom Feran of The Plain Dealer wrote that the series traded "vaguely and less successfully on the hanging-out style of Seinfeld. 69] while Ann Hodges of the Houston Chronicle called it "the new Seinfeld wannabe, but it will never be as funny as Seinfeld. 70] In the Los Angeles Daily News, Ray Richmond named the series as "one of the brighter comedies of the new season. 71] and the Los Angeles Times called it "flat-out the best comedy series of the new season. 72] The Chicago Sun-Times ' Ginny Holbert found Joey and Rachel's characteristics to be underdeveloped, 73] while Richmond commended the cast as a "likeable, youth ensemble" with "good chemistry. 71] Robert Bianco of USA Today was complimentary of Schwimmer, calling him "terrific. He also praised the female leads, but was concerned that Perry's role as Chandler was "undefined" and that LeBlanc was "relying too much on the same brain-dead stud routine that was already tired the last two times he tried it. 74] The authors of Friends Like Us: The Unofficial Guide to Friends thought that the cast was "trying just a little too hard" in particular, Perry and Schwimmer. [75] As the series progressed, reviews became more positive, and Friends became one of the most popular sitcoms of its time. It is now often ranked among the all-time best TV shows. [9] 11] 12] Critics commended the series for having consistently sharp writing and for the chemistry between the main actors. [76] Noel Holston of Newsday, who had dismissed the pilot as a "so-so Seinfeld wannabe" in 1994, repudiated his earlier review after rewatching the episode and felt like writing an apology to the writers. [51] Heather Havrilesky of thought that the series "hit its stride" in the second season. Havrilesky found the character-specific jokes and situations "could reliably make you laugh out loud a few times each episode" and the quality of writing allowed the stories to be "original and innovative. 77] Bill Carter of The New York Times called the eighth season a "truly stunning comeback. Carter found that by "generating new hot storylines and high-decibel laughs" the series made its way "back into the hearts of its fans. 78] However, Liane Bonin of Entertainment Weekly felt that the direction of the ninth season was a "disappointing buzzkill" criticizing it for the non-stop celebrity guest spots and going into jump the shark territory. Although disappointed with the season, Bonin noted that "the writing [was] still sharp. 79] Havrilesky thought that the tenth season was "alarmingly awful, far worse than you would ever imagine a show that was once so good could be. 77] Friends was featured on Time ' s list of "The 100 Best TV Shows of All-Time" saying, the well-hidden secret of this show was that it called itself Friends, and was really about family. 80] Reviews of the series finale were mixed. USA Today ' s Robert Bianco described the finale as entertaining and satisfying and praised it for deftly mixing emotion and humor while highlighting each of the stars. [81] Sarah Rodman of the Boston Herald praised Aniston and Schwimmer for their acting, but felt that their characters' reunion was "a bit too neat, even if it was what most of the show's legions of fans wanted. 82] Roger Catlin of the Hartford Courant felt that newcomers to the series would be "surprised at how laughless the affair could be, and how nearly every strained gag depends on the sheer stupidity of its characters. 83] Ken Parish Perkins, writing for Fort Worth Star-Telegram, pointed out that the finale was "more touching than comical, more satisfying in terms of closure than knee-slappingly funny. 84] It may have been impossible for any one episode to live up to the hype and expectations built up around the Friends finale, but this hour probably came as close as fans could have reasonably hoped. Ultimately, the two-hour package did exactly what it was supposed to do. It wrapped up the story while reminding us why we liked the show and will miss it. —  Robert Bianco of USA Today on the series finale. [81] Awards To maintain the series's ensemble format, the main cast members decided to enter themselves in the same acting categories for awards. Beginning with the series's eighth season, the actors decided to submit themselves in the lead actor balloting, rather than in the supporting actor fields. [85] The series was nominated for 62 Primetime Emmy Awards, 86] winning six. Aniston and Kudrow are the only main cast members to win an Emmy, while Cox is the only actor not to be nominated. The series won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series in 2002, receiving nominations in 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, and 2003. [87] The series also won an American Comedy Award, 88] one GLAAD Media Award, 89] one Golden Globe Award, 90] three Logie Awards, 91] 92] six People's Choice Awards, 93] 94] one Satellite Award, 95] and one Screen Actors Guild Award. [96] Ratings The table below shows the ratings of Friends in the United States, where it consistently ranked within the top ten of the final television season ratings. [97] Rank" refers to how well Friends rated compared to other television series that aired during primetime hours of the corresponding television season. It is shown in relation to the total number of series airing on the then-six major English-language networks in a given season. "Viewers" refers to the average number of viewers for all original episodes, broadcast during the television season in the series's regular timeslot. The "season premiere" is the date that the first episode of the season aired, and the "season finale" is the date that the final episode of the season aired. So far, Friends has been the last sitcom to reach the no. 1 spot on television, as its successors were CSI: Crime Scene Investigation, American Idol, NBC Sunday Night Football, and NCIS. Following the September 11 attacks, ratings increased 17% over the previous season. [78] Syndication Because of syndication revenue, Friends continues to generate approximately 1 billion each year for Warner Bros. That translates into about 20 million in annual residuals each for Jennifer Aniston, Courteney Cox, Lisa Kudrow, Matt LeBlanc, Matthew Perry and David Schwimmer, who each get 2% of syndication income for Friends. [100] All episodes became available on Netflix on January 1, 2015, introducing teenagers to the show. UK Friends reruns' ratings in 2015 increased by more than 10% annually. As of 2016 reruns' US weekly audience, not including streaming, of 16 million would make it a hit on network television were the show still being produced. [101] In the US the series has a syndication deal through multiple networks including Nick at Nite, TBS, and it also aired on Paramount Network through 2019. However, in July 2019, it was announced that from the beginning of 2020, Friends will not be available on Netflix in the US and instead will be shown on WarnerMedia's video-streaming service, HBO Max, which is currently scheduled to launch in late spring 2020 (the series remains on Netflix in several other markets. 102] In the interim, in the United States, the only way to stream the show is through the TBS app and website which have a limited number of episodes. Cultural impact Set of Central Perk at Warner Bros. Studios Although the producers thought of Friends as "only a TV show" psychologists investigated the cultural impact of Friends during the series's run. Aniston's hairstyle was nicknamed " The Rachel " and copied around the world. [20] Joey's catchphrase, How you doin. became a popular part of Western English slang, often used as a pick-up line or when greeting friends. [103] The series also influenced the English language, according to a study by the University of Toronto that found that the characters used the emphasized word " so " to modify adjectives more often than any other intensifier. Although the preference had already made its way into the American vernacular, usage on the series may have accelerated the change. [32] Chandler's habit of ending a sentence unfinished for sarcasm also influenced viewers' speech. [104] Friends has also been credited in helping non-English speaking students to learn the language. A 2012 poll by Kaplan International English Colleges found that more than a quarter (26% of its students cited the sitcom as the best show for helping them improve their English. [105] Notable individuals who have also said that the sitcom helped them learn English include Liverpool F. C. manager Jürgen Klopp, 106] BTS member RM [107] and Belgian professional golfer Thomas Pieters. [108] Friends is parodied in the twelfth season Murder, She Wrote episode "Murder Among Friends. In the episode, amateur sleuth Jessica Fletcher ( Angela Lansbury) investigates the murder of a writer for Buds, a fictional television series about the daily lives of a group of city friends. The episode was devised after CBS moved Murder, She Wrote from its regular Sunday night timeslot to a Thursday night timeslot directly opposite Friends on NBC; Angela Lansbury was quoted by Bruce Lansbury, her brother and Murder, She Wrote ' s supervising producer, as having "a bit of an attitude" about the move to Thursday, but he saw the plot as "a friendly setup, no mean-spiritedness. 109] Jerry Ludwig, the writer of the episode, researched the "flavor" of Buds by watching episodes of Friends. [109] The Central Perk coffee house, one of the principal settings of the series, is part of the Warner Bros. Studio Tour Hollywood. People sometimes propose marriage on the couch, and many tourists cry when they sit on it. [101] The coffee house has inspired various imitations worldwide. In 2006, Iranian businessman Mojtaba Asadian started a Central Perk franchise, registering the name in 32 countries. The decor of the coffee houses is inspired by Friends, featuring replica couches, counters, neon signage and bricks. The coffee houses also contain paintings of the various characters from the series, and televisions playing Friends episodes. James Michael Tyler, who plays the Central Perk manager in the series, Gunther, attended the grand opening of the Dubai cafe, where he worked as a waiter. [110] Central Perk was rebuilt as part of a museum exhibit at Warner Bros. Studios and was shown on The Ellen DeGeneres Show in October 2008. Jennifer Aniston visited the set for the first time since the series finale in 2004. [111] From September 24 to October 7, 2009, a Central Perk replica was based at Broadwick Street, Soho, London. The coffee house sold real coffee to customers and featured a display of Friends memorabilia and props, such as the Geller Cup from the season three episode "The One with the Football. 112] In Beijing, business owner Du Xin opened a coffee shop named Central Perk in March 2010. [113] After filming on the finale concluded, Stage 24 at Warner Bros Studios, where Friends had been filmed since Season 2, was renamed "The Friends Stage. In India, there are six Friends -themed cafes, located in Chandigarh (named Central Perk) Kolkata; and West Bengal (named F. R. I. N. D. Cafe) which features many icons from the original T. V. series, including Chandler and Joey's ugly dog statue, the orange sofa, the purple door of Monica and Rachel's apartment, and Phoebe's pink bicycle. The other three cafes are located in Delhi, Gurgaon; Bhubaneswar, Odisha; and Pune, Maharashtra. [114] 115] There are two Friends themed cafes in Pakistan as well—one in Lahore, Punjab known as "Friends Cafe" and the other in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa called "Central Perk. Both of those cafes have an iconic couch, a guitar and foosball table, quotes from the show on the walls and even episode reruns on a projector. They're also planning to have their own Gunther at the bar. [116] In 2016, a Central Perk replica was opened in Outram, Singapore. It is the only Central Perk that has been given the intellectual property rights by Warner Bros. outside of the United States. The cafe also includes feature walls, replicating the walls of the main characters's apartments and memorabilia and props used on the show. [117] 118] In August 2019, it was announced that a Central Perk Lego set would be launched to mark the show's 25 anniversary. [119] Friends has also developed an alternative family lifestyle by representing young people that live unconventional domestic lives. It presents the idea that "all you need is good friends" and can construct families through choice. The audience is able to identify with the program through the troubles seen on weekly episodes. It portrays a new way of living life and developing relationships which are not normally seen in conventional society. [120] According to a pop-culture expert at the University at Buffalo, Friends is "one of those rare shows that marked a change in American culture. The images of youth and the roles they portray are better defined and represent a lifestyle that centres around creating and sustaining relationships between friends running their own lives and seeking help from each other. [121] Vox stated that Friends impacted the creation of other conflictless "hangout sitcoms" with groups of adult friends who are funny and have similar character traits. One example of this is How I Met Your Mother, which The Guardian ' s TV and radio blog notes also shares its setting with Friends, Manhattan. Other examples include The Big Bang Theory, New Girl, and Happy Endings. [122] 123] 124] 125] Readers of TV Guide voted the cast of Friends their Best Comedy cast of all time, ranking at 29% of the votes, beating Seinfeld, which registered 18. 126] A poll undertaken by 60 Minutes and Vanity Fair named Friends the third greatest sitcom of all time. [127] In 2014, the series was ranked by Mundo Estranho the Best TV Series of All Time. [128] A 2015 Hollywood Reporter survey of 2, 800 actors, producers, directors, and other industry people named Friends as their #1 favorite show. [129] Reunion On November 12, 2019, The Hollywood Reporter announced that Warner Bros TV is developing a Friends reunion for HBO Max that would feature the whole cast and creators returning. [130] The reunion is expected to be released in early 2020. [130] Distribution Broadcast United States After the produced pilot lived up to NBC's hopes, the series premiered with the name Friends on September 22, 1994, in the coveted Thursday 8:30 p. m. time slot. The pilot aired between Mad About You and Seinfeld, 20] and was watched by almost 22 million American viewers. [3] The series was a huge success throughout its run and was a staple of NBC's Thursday night line-up, dubbed by the network as Must See TV. [131] When Crane told reporters in 2001 that the ninth season was a possibility, critics believed that he was posturing and that at least two of the cast members would not sign on for another season. [78] When it was confirmed that Friends would return for a ninth season, the news was mainly about the amount of money—7 million per episode—that it took to bring the series back for another season. [78] After year-long expectations that the ninth season would be the series's last, NBC signed a deal in late December 2002 to bring the series back for a final tenth season. The series's creative team did not want to extend negotiations into the next year and wanted to start writing the rest of the ninth-season episodes and a potential series finale. [132] NBC agreed to pay 10 million to Warner Bros. for the production of each tenth-season episode, the highest price in television history for a 30-minute series. [76] Although NBC was unable to bring in enough advertising revenue from commercials to cover the costs, the series was integral to the Thursday night schedule, which brought high ratings and profits to the other television series. [132] The cast demanded that the tenth season be reduced from the usual 24 episodes to 18 episodes to allow them to work on outside projects. [79] In fall 2001, Warner Bros. Domestic Cable made a deal with sister network TBS (both are owned by Time Warner) to air the series in rerun syndication. Warner Bros. Domestic Cable announced that it had sold additional cable rights to Friends to Nick at Nite which began airing in the fall of 2011 (unlike the TBS and broadcast syndication airings, Nick at Nite broadcasts of the series, which began airing as part of a seven-night launch marathon on September 5, 2011, replace the end credit tag scenes with marginalized credits featuring promotions for the series and other Nick at Nite programs. was expected to make 200 million in license fees and advertising from the deal. Nick at Nite paid 500, 000 per episode to air the episodes after 6 p. ET for six years through fall 2017. In syndication until 2005, Friends had earned 4 million per episode in cash license fees for a total of 944 million. [133] Comedy Central began airing reruns of Friends on October 12, 2019. International Friends premiered in the UK in April 1995, with Season 1 broadcasting until September on Channel 4 at 9:30 PM on Friday nights, and immediately became very popular, with the theme song by the Rembrandts hitting number 3 in the UK singles charts in September 1995. It had since aired on different channels in the UK in their original, unedited international versions prior to their being re-edited for US broadcast and syndication. These versions, with additional footage not seen domestically, have aired on such stations as Channel 4, Sky1, E4, and Comedy Central UK. [134] 135] 136] 137] 138] On September 4, 2011, Friends officially ended on E4 after the channel re-ran the series since 2004. Comedy Central took over the rights to air the program from October 2011. Since 2018 Channel 5 started airing the program. In the Republic of Ireland, each season of the show made its European debut on RTÉ2. After 2004 RTÉ2 began to repeat the series from the start before moving over to TV3 and its digital channel 3e in 2010. [139] 140] As of February 2015, repeats of the show have returned to RTÉ2 while also broadcasting on Comedy Central Ireland. [141] 142] Series 10's finale in the UK, broadcast on May 28, 2004, was on Channel 4. It was broadcast from 9pm to 10pm and attracted Friends' largest UK audiences. It attracted almost 10 million viewers, and is currently standing at Number 10 in Channel 4's most-watched shows. Big Brother was moved to 10pm, which Friends had beaten. Friends got 9. 6 million viewers at 9pm, while Big Brother 5 ' s launch attracted 7. 2 million viewers at 10pm, which is the most-watched premiere on UK TV ever. However, on January 3, 2007, Celebrity Big Brother 5 ' s launch was watched by 7. 3 million viewers, and its eviction on January 19, 2007 was watched by 8. 7 million viewers. Friends has aired in Australia on the Seven Network (season 1 only) Nine Network (season 2–10) Network Ten (2007–09, repeats) on GEM (a sub-channel of the Nine Network) and on pay TV channel TV Hits formerly aired on Arena, 111 Hits. [143] 144] The show is broadcast on TV2 in New Zealand. [145] In Canada, the series was broadcast on Global. In later years, it was syndicated on several of its cable sibling networks, including Slice, DTour, and TVTropolis, its previous incarnation. [146] 147] In India, the show is broadcast by Comedy Central at various times. It is the most-watched English language show in the country. [148] In the Philippines, the show was originally aired on ABC-5 from 1996 to 2005 and ETC from 2005 to 2014. In Greece, the show was broadcast on Star Channel. [149] In Cyprus, Friends aired on CyBC 2 while reruns air on TVOne. [150] Remastering Beginning on March 5, 2012, high definition versions of all 236 Friends episodes were made available to local broadcast stations, starting with the pilot episode. For the remastered episodes, Warner Bros. restored previously cropped images on the left and right sides of the screen, using the original 35 mm film source, to use the entire 16:9 widescreen frame. However, because the show was not originally filmed for widescreen, but rather filmed in 4-perf format and protected for 4:3, some cropping problems arise in some shots where information from the top and bottom of the frame is removed, and some expanded shots reveal unintentional artifacts, including set edges, boom mics and body doubles replacing some of the main cast. In early versions of the HD remasters, there were also a few shots, including chroma effects shots, which were sourced from standard-definition 480i videotape sources, as not all of the footage had been located in time for the remaster; the original film sources for these shots were later rescanned for later broadcast and release. [151] These masters had been airing in New Zealand on TV2 since January 2011. [152] Netflix added all ten seasons of Friends in high definition to their streaming service in the United States on January 1, 2015. Home media Streaming In October 2014, Warner Bros. chairman and chief executive officer, Kevin Tsujihara, announced that the company had licensed the North American streaming rights of all ten seasons of Friends to Netflix, 153] 154] in a deal said to be worth around 500, 000 an episode, 155] or about 120 million in total. The show became available on Netflix from January 1, 2015. [156] The Netflix airings are the versions aired on NBC rather than the longer international versions, as discussed below. The series left Netflix on January 1, 2020, as it will begin streaming on HBO Max in May 2020. [157] Blu-ray and DVD All ten seasons have been released on DVD individually and as a box set. Each Region 1 season release contains special features and are presented in their aforementioned original international broadcast versions, although Region 2 releases are as originally aired domestically. For the first season, each episode is updated with color correction and sound enhancement. [47] A wide range of Friends merchandise has been produced by various companies. In September 1995, WEA Records released the first album of music from Friends, the Friends Original TV Soundtrack, containing music featured in previous and future episodes. The soundtrack debuted on the Billboard 200 at number 46, 158] and sold 500, 000 copies in November 1995. [159] In 1999, a second soundtrack album entitled Friends Again was released. [160] Other merchandise includes a Friends version of the DVD game " Scene It. and a quiz video game for PlayStation 2 and PC entitled Friends: The One with All the Trivia. [161] 162] On September 28, 2009, a box set was released in the UK celebrating the series's 15th anniversary. The box set contained extended episodes, an episode guide, and original special features. [163] Warner Home Video released a complete series collection on Blu-ray on November 13, 2012. [164] The collection does not feature the extra deleted scenes and jokes that were included on prior DVD releases, and are therefore presented in their NBC broadcast versions. In Australia, the original released DVDs were released were fold out box sets which contained three discs and released as follows: Season 1 and Season 2 on March 13, 2002, Season 3 and Season 4 on July 9, 2002, Season 5, 6 and 7 on July 29, 2002, Season 8 on March 18, 2003, Season 9 on February 11, 2004 and Season 10 on November 24, 2004. Repackaged sets, slimmed into regular DVD cases also containing three discs were released from 2003 to 2004. Collector's Edition sets were released from September 9, 2003 through to February 1, 2006, these sets contains 4 discs, in fat DVD cases, with extra bonus material. On October 4, 2006, the individual seasons were repackaged into regular DVD case sets and marked as "Including Brand New Bonus Disc. Once again each individual season were repackaged with new artwork on March 31, 2010. The first complete series boxset on DVD was released around 2004 or 2005, this was titled 'The One With All Ten Seasons" and the packaging was a black box with a lift up lid and contains exclusive packaging for all ten seasons. The second complete series boxset was released August 21, 2013 and was a red box which contained the 2010 individual season sets inside. On October 1, 2014 was the 20th Anniversary boxset, this was a white box and contained the same 2010 individual releases inside. On October 7, 2015, another boxset was released 'The One With All Ten Seasons" the same name used on the original boxset, however this time slimmed down and contains the 2010 individual releases inside. The outer box is open on insert side for the cases to slide in and out, more of a budget release. In 2016, a repackaged 'The Complete Series' Blu-Ray boxset was issued, contenting the same 10 individual season in the original set, however the box is more cut down and is opened on one side, and also does not include the book that contained the episode guide. DVD name Eps DVD release dates Blu-ray release dates Region 1 Region 2 Region 4 Region A Region B UK Region B Australia The Complete First Season 24 April 30, 2002 [165] May 29, 2000 [166] October 4, 2006 [167] April 30, 2013 The Complete Second Season September 3, 2002 [168] 169] October 4, 2006 [170] The Complete Third Season 25 April 1, 2003 [171] October 4, 2006 [172] The Complete Fourth Season July 15, 2003 [173] October 4, 2006 [174] The Complete Fifth Season November 4, 2003 [175] October 4, 2006 [176] The Complete Sixth Season January 27, 2004 [177] July 17, 2000 [178] October 4, 2006 [179] The Complete Seventh Season April 6, 2004 [180] October 25, 2004 [181] October 4, 2006 [182] The Complete Eighth Season November 9, 2004 [183] October 25, 2004 [184] October 4, 2006 [185] The Complete Ninth Season March 8, 2005 [186] October 25, 2004 [187] October 4, 2006 [188] The Complete Tenth Season 18 November 15, 2005 [189] October 25, 2004 [190] October 4, 2006 [191] The Complete Series 236 November 15, 2005 November 14, 2006 (re-issue) April 16, 2013 (re-issue 2013) September 17, 2019 [192] re-issue 2019) October 2, 2006 November 12, 2007 (re-issue) September 28, 2009 (15th Anniversary Edition) November 13, 2012 November 12, 2012 November 21, 2012 ( JB Hi-Fi exclusive) August 21, 2013 Spin-off LeBlanc hoped that by having his own show, Joey, probably the least evolved character" on Friends, would become more developed. [193] Joey After the series finale in 2004, LeBlanc signed on for the spin-off series, Joey, following Joey's move to Los Angeles to pursue his acting career. Kauffman and Crane were not interested in the spin-off, although Bright agreed to executive produce the series with Scott Silveri and Shana Goldberg-Meehan. [194] NBC heavily promoted Joey and gave it Friends ' Thursday 8:00 pm timeslot. [195] 196] The pilot was watched by 18. 6 million American viewers, 197] but ratings continually decreased throughout the series's two seasons, averaging 10. 2 million viewers in the first season and 7. 1 million in the second. [60] The final broadcast episode on March 7, 2006, was watched by 7. 09 million viewers; 198] NBC cancelled the series on May 15, 2006, after two seasons, leaving eight episodes unaired. 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Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends - The Complete Sixth Season. Retrieved January 3, 2009. ^ Fisher, Nick (July 15, 2000. Video view. p. 40... Friends (Season 6) 4 DVD Set. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends - The Complete Seventh Season. Retrieved January 3, 2009... Friends: Complete Season 7 - New Edition [1995. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends (Season 7) 4 DVD Set. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends - The Complete Eighth Season. Retrieved January 3, 2009... Friends: Complete Season 8 - New Edition [1995. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends (Season 8) 4 DVD Set. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends - The Complete Ninth Season. Retrieved January 3, 2009... Friends: Complete Season 9 - New Edition [1995. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends (Season 9) 4 DVD Set. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends - The One with All Ten Seasons (Limited Edition. Retrieved January 3, 2009... Friends: Complete Season 10 - New Edition [1995. Retrieved January 4, 2009... Friends (Season 10) 4 DVD Set. Retrieved January 4, 2009. ^ Friends: The Complete Series Collection (DVD. WB Shop. ^ Endrst, James (September 5, 2004. Matt LeBlanc's Joey goes West to seek fame & fortune. Archived from the original on January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2009. ^ Levin, Gary (July 24, 2003. NBC has sitcom plans for Friends pal Joey. Retrieved December 30, 2008... Joey finds new friends on NBC. September 10, 2004. Retrieved January 4, 2009. ^ Weintraub, Joanne (July 11, 2004. Joey co-star looking for sitcom laughs. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on February 9, 2006. Retrieved January 4, 2009. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (September 11, 2004. Joey & The Apprentice: Downright Unfriendly. Retrieved December 30, 2008. ^ Weekly Program Rankings. ABC Medianet. March 21, 2006. Retrieved December 30, 2008. ^ Bauder, David (May 15, 2006. NBC Betting on Aaron Sorkin's New Drama. Retrieved December 30, 2008. Further reading Littlefield, Warren (May 2012. With Friends Like These. Vanity Fair. Archived from the original on April 22, 2019. Retrieved April 22, 2019. An oral history. Articles concerning the cultural influence of the program: Allen, Samantha (September 12, 2014. The Best Reason to Love 'Friends' Is the One We Never Realized at the Time. United States: Mic. Ihnat, Gwen (August 18, 2014. How 'Friends' Changed the Sitcom Landscape. The A. Club. United States. Harrison, Andrew (12 September 2014. The Hunting of the Snark: Friends, 20 Years On. New Statesman. United Kingdom. External links Official website Friends on IMDb Friends at Friends on Rotten Tomatoes Friends at Curlie Friends at The Interviews: An Oral History of Television v t e Nielsen Media Research top-rated United States network television show 1950s 50–51: Texaco Star Theater 51–52: Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts 52–53, 53–54, 54–55: I Love Lucy 55–56: The 64, 000 Question 56–57: I Love Lucy 57–58, 58–59, 59–60: Gunsmoke 1960s 60–61: Gunsmoke 61–62: Wagon Train 62–63, 63–64: The Beverly Hillbillies ( S1, S2) 64–65, 65–66, 66–67: Bonanza 67–68: The Andy Griffith Show (S8) 68–69, 69–70: Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In 1970s 70–71: Marcus Welby, M. D. 71–72, 72–73, 73–74, 74–75, 75–76: All in the Family ( S2, S3, S4, S5, S6) 76–77: Happy Days (S4) 77–78, 78–79: Laverne & Shirley ( S3, S4) 79–80: 60 Minutes 1980s 80–81, 81–82: Dallas ( S4, S5) 82–83: 60 Minutes 83–84: Dallas (S7) 84–85: Dynasty 85–86, 86–87, 87–88, 88–89: The Cosby Show ( S2, S3, S4, S5) 89–90: Roseanne (S2. The Cosby Show (S6) 1990s 90–91: Cheers (S9) 91–92, 92–93, 93–94: 60 Minutes 94–95: Seinfeld (S6) 95–96, 96–97: ER ( S2, S3) 97–98: Seinfeld (S9) 98–99: ER (S5) 99–2000: Who Wants to Be a Millionaire 2000s 00–01: Survivor (S2-AO) 01–02: Friends (S8) 02–03, 03–04, 04–05. CSI: Crime Scene Investigation ( S3, S4, S5) 05–06, 06–07, 07–08, 08–09, 09–10: American Idol ( S5, S6, S7, S8, S9) 2010s 10–11: American Idol (S10) 11–12: NBC Sunday Night Football 12–13: NCIS (S10) 13–14, 14–15, 15–16, 16–17: NBC Sunday Night Football 17–18: The Big Bang Theory (S11) 18–19: NBC Sunday Night Football.

SEND THE VINDMAN BOYS TO KOREA. 20, 124, 599 people like this 19, 186, 727 people follow this Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a Page. See actions taken by the people who manage and post content. Page created - August 5, 2008 Happy Christmas Eve Eve! FRIENDS25 She walked through Central Perk and the rest was history. #FRIENDS25 Happy Birthday, Tom Selleck! So that's two of my wives" It looks like you may be having problems playing this video. If so, please try restarting your browser. Close Happy Birthday, Tom Selleck! It looks like you may be having problems playing this video. Close.

The fact that this video lasts like a whole episode😂😂. YouTube. Focusing on health, self-care, growth, healing and as cliche as it sounds. love. Its a really effective way of c… May 13, 2019, 1:13 PM RT @ SWEATSONKLANK: “Super Natural Delights” my new full length is out June 7th on @ FoFMusic! The vinyl is crazy dope and we made only… May 13, 2019, 11:06 AM That kawhi shot was special! NBA playoffs have been so on point May 12, 2019, 6:59 PM RT. deru: The new Wu-Tang documentary on @ Showtime features my song '1979. May 12, 2019, 11:10 AM.

A friend is someone you love and who loves you, someone you respect and who respects you, someone whom you trust and who trusts you. A friend is honest and makes you want to be honest, too. A friend is loyal. A friend is someone who is happy to spend time with you doing absolutely nothing at all; someone who doesn't mind driving you on stupid errands, who will get up at midnight just because you want to go on an adventure, and who doesnt have to talk to communicate with you. A friend is someone who not only doesn't care if you're ugly or boring, but doesn't even think about it; someone who forgives you no matter what you do, and someone who tries to help you even when they don't know how. A friend is someone who tells you if you're being stupid, but who doesn't make you feel stupid. A friend is someone who would sacrifice their life and happiness for you. A friend is someone who will come with you when you have to do boring things like watch bad recitals, go to stuffy parties, or wait in boring lobbies. You don't even think about who's talking or who's listening in a conversation with a friend. A friend is someone for whom you're willing to change your opinions. A friend is someone you look forward to seeing and who looks forward to seeing you: someone you like so much, it doesn't matter if you share interests or traits. A friend is someone you like so much, you start to like the things they like. A friend is a partner, not a leader or a follower. The word "friend" comes from Old English "frē ond. which is actually the present participle of "frē ogan. which means "to love" and "to honor. A friend is someone who won't lie to you. They respect you for who you are and make every moment with you count. Time with your friends should be fun and you shouldn't have to change for them. Your friends should understand you and trust you. They help you with your problems and are always there when you are feeling down. people who are aware of how retarded you are and still manage to be seen in public with you. people who make you laugh till you pee your pants. people who cry for you when one of your special items disappear. when you dont have enough money to get a ice cream, they chip in. knows all of your internet passwords. who would never make you cry just to be mean. Somebody who comes to your house and eats all of your food. cheetos, doritos, pizza, etc. and also uses your stuff with their cheeto dust hands. A word that defines those you keep company with. A person that is, trusting, caring, and will stick with you through thick and thin. The one you can talk to about anything and they wont judge you for it. Someone that when times are hard stands beside you saying "lets do this. The person that if no one else will, will stick up for you. Sam: Hows it going Nick? Nick: Not to good my Friend. Sam: Why? Whats up man? Nick: My girl just left, cars broke, cant pay my rent now. Shall I go on? Sam: Nah, alright lets go get a beer and have a chat man, its on me.

United Against Bullying. Friends Bullying is a global phenomenon, but by sharing knowledge and experience we can create a world where children and youth are safe. Always take action A course about what degrading treatment and bullying is, and how it can and should be managed when it happens at a school. Start the course Always take action Organising a safe school It is possible to stop bullying, but it requires a long-term perspective and focused efforts. To reduce the number of students subjected to bullying, we need to work with promotion and prevention. In this online course we will go through what that involves. Start the course Organising a safe school Course for parents Learn how to support a child that feels unsafe at school. Start the course World Anti-Bullying Forum The World Anti-Bullying Forum is a meeting place for researchers and practitioners in the work against bullying. To end violence against and between children in accordance with the UNs sustainable development goals, Friends chose to initiate the World Anti-Bullying Forum. Read more about WABF What Friends does We are an organisation that provides adults with research-based tools to prevent bullying among children and young people. Read more about what we do Together we can stop bullying.

This show takes some getting used to, and it's weird, uniques style of comedy may not be for everyones tastes! But it has many strengths that carry the show, and if you watch it for awhile, you will be hooked! The male actors in the show are great, and the individuality of each character always leads to great dramatic possibilities! The girls are not as funny, and lisa kudrows character isjust plain annoying! Still, once you get used to it, you'll find it is a great show.

I love your vids MOOSE. Netflix has confirmed you'll be able to keep binging " Friends " episodes in 2019, so it's the perfect time to take a look back at what the show's core group almost looked like. Find out Top Rated TV #41, Won 1 Golden Globe. Another 76 wins & 214 nominations. See more awards  » Edit Storyline Rachel Green, Ross Geller, Monica Geller, Joey Tribbiani, Chandler Bing and Phoebe Buffay are six 20 something year-olds, living off of one another in the heart of New York City. Over the course of ten years, this average group of buddies goes through massive mayhem, family trouble, past and future romances, fights, laughs, tears and surprises as they learn what it really means to be a friend. Plot Summary Add Synopsis Taglines: Spend some time with your Friends See more  » Details Release Date: 22 September 1994 (USA) Also Known As: Across the Hall Box Office Opening Weekend USA: 246, 168, 24 November 2019 Cumulative Worldwide Gross: 89, 007 See more on IMDbPro  » Company Credits Technical Specs Runtime: 22 min 5, 280 min (Entire series) See full technical specs  » Did You Know? Goofs When Joey and Chandler convinced Ross not to tell Rachel he slept with Chloe, she never showed any contempt towards them. See more » Quotes Jack Geller: watches touchdown on pocket TV at Funeral] God, now I'm Depressed! I mean more than before... See more » Crazy Credits At the end of the 2nd part of the episode "The One With Two Parts" the epilogue is totally syncronized in Spanish, a reference to Marcel turning the TV's language into Spanish at the first part of the episode. See more » Alternate Versions "The One Where It Could Have Been" originally aired as one part. When split into two parts for syndication, the ending credits to part one have an extra scene with the alternate Monica dancing while eating. See more » Connections Referenced in Cash Trapped: Episode #2. 25  (2017) Soundtracks Smelly Cat Written by Adam Chase Performed by Lisa Kudrow See more » Frequently Asked Questions See more ».

Since a friendship is supposed to be an interpersonal relationship that is considered to be more than just a simple passing association, there can be degrees of both friendships and associations. Some friends you simply value more than others. Research into the study of friends and friendship used to involve a variety of fields including sociology, psychology, and philosophy where social theories and relationship attachments were examined. However, today the Internet has the most potential for meeting people, making friends and examining the value of your friendships.   Here at we know that meeting and making new friends online is one of the most popular activities that you can do online. There are both right and wrong ways to interact and portray yourself online however. Todays online social scene can provide a way to connect with friends and loved ones, and it can also be beneficial for professional and social purposes. A little common sense can go a long way toward making the process of making friends online a whole lot easier as well.   People tend to value friends who have sympathy and empathy, and desire what is best for the other person in an honest and truthful manner. This builds trust and the enjoyment of each others company with mutual understanding and compassion. The ability to express yourself online without fear of judgment requires honesty, trust, sympathy, respect and helpfulness in a friendship.   The rules for good online etiquette are the same rules that apply to any form of personal communication, as courtesy, decency and good manners are appreciated everywhere. Here are some tips for making new friends online:   Online Friendship Rules   •    Don't say something online that you wouldn't say in real life. •    Don't share things you don't want everyone to know. •    Dont share extremely personal or private matters online. •    Don't post your exact personal identification information online. •    Do practice communicating in a neutral tone that does not sound sarcastic. •    Dont communicate in all capital letters unless you really are shouting.

To life, to life, l'chaim. sheldon cooper.

I think that friends is a great show with a very smart humor and the cast is great. I think that Jennifer Aniston and Lisa Kudrow are the best. Kinda love her. Phoebe: Hi. Sets her sights on him and mutters WOW! Looks to the ceiling with thumbs up and says Well done! That is pretty much every reaction ever when Brad Pitt comes round your house. Omg. A idea could be, last to leave pool? lmao they be lookin like shrimps after. Okay, here we go PIVOT. PIVOT. PIVOT PIVOT! PEEWAHT! PEEWAHT. SHUT UP, SHUT UP, SHUT UP! okay, i don't think it's gonna pivot anymore. YOU THINK.

2:21 Ross actually does look like a freak 😂😂. I LOVE OUR PRESIDENT. 🙆🏻‍♂️🇺🇸🇺🇸🇺🇸 Rush Limbaugh the medal of freedom! Awesome. He deserves that. Loading. It's my friend sounds like it's just Jp wearing a wig and a fake moustache.

00:46 Whyyy its written Jack Bing, beloved SISTER of Erica? Isnt he supposed to be a BROTHER. My tears were flowing as our wonderful President honored Rush Limbaugh. Great call Mr. President.


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Director Satoshi Kon took his inspiration, and part of his title, from Jon Ford's western 3 Godfathers (1948) in which three rough and ready outlaws find themselves caring for a baby. At heart it's a Christmas card to Tokyo, and expression of good will and a reminder to spread a little kindness in a world that is increasingly cold and intolerant. The film mixes comedy, drama, pathos and action. There are, of course, Christmas references galore. There are also references to a Tokyo many anime fans may find as incredible as Santa Claus. Kon reminds us this is no fairyland, but a real, living city with 21st century problems that no robot army can solve - shanty towns, tramps scavenging in graveyards, predatory teenagers beating up old men, and illegal immigrants scraping a living in the black economy. Above all else, though, there's a happy ending, without which no Christmas film could possibly be a Christmas film. It comes, not from any flashy bit of magic, but from the everyday miracles in the hearts of ordinary people whose humanity redeems their failings. Kon captures the beguiling neon glow of Tokyo in the film's many night scenes, turning the city into a magical setting for a tale of Christmas miracles.

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Kwok-Kwan Chan genre: Action The Kung Fu master travels to the U.S. where his student has upset the local martial arts community by opening a Wing Chun school Score: 3159 Votes Writer: Tai-lee Chan Duration: 1 Hours, 45 m. 11, 778 total views Info Playlist Chat Poll views Chapters Highlights Thank you for taking our poll! Sorry, the poll has ended 3 videos ( 19281. 409) ✹✷720p「ONLINE」 IP MAN【4】THE FINALE Full Movie HD✭[2019] January 2, 2020 ✯❁葉問 [ FULL✩⚜~MOVIE] 【❁ONLINE 2019】 ♯HD [【IP MAN 4】] FULL♝♞M O V I E✫♯[2019] Videos Playlists About Privacy Search for videos Cancel of Featured videos ♯WATCH [【IP MAN 4】] FULL❂HD♝♞♯[2019]MOVIE OFF AIR 1 month ago 984 views 10, 321 views 474 views All videos 3 videos Playlist ( 19281. 409) ✫【YIP MAN 4】 (2019) Full♦HD❂MOVIES WATCH] IP MAN 4 Movie Full>>> DOWNLOAD] IP MAN 4 MOVIE HD FULL➮➮➮ No privacy policy was made available to date...

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The Assistant Rated 9.1 / 10 based on 523 reviews.



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The Assistant is a movie starring Julia Garner, Matthew Macfadyen, and Makenzie Leigh. A searing look at a day in the life of an assistant to a powerful executive. As Jane (Julia Garner) follows her daily routine, she grows

Kitty Green

Harvey Weinstein looms over Kitty Green ‘s drama The Assistant. The movie is about an assistant working for an unseen production company boss, but its impossible to watch the film without thinking of the grotesque mogul. To be fair, The Assistant isnt solely about Weinstein and it seeks to examine how regular people function in a toxic environment, but Green consciously chose to set her movie in a film production office rather than a hedge fund or any other workplace that might serve a gross, horny overlord. The concept of the tyrannical and abusive studio mogul is nothing new, and thats kind of the main problem with The Assistant —it doesnt really have anything new to add that you couldnt already deduce from publicly known facts. The film is ostensibly a view from the bottom at how a figure like Weinstein operated, but in 2020, were already past that. Perhaps if The Assistant had been released at the height of Weinsteins powers it would have been more captivating, but today it feels more like a footnote. Jane ( Julia Garner) is a junior assistant to a powerful but unseen production executive. The film is a day in her life as she gets up early and does a variety of tasks like tidying up her boss office to ordering food to dealing with his wife to facilitating how the boss preys upon women. When Jane, who has only been working in the company for five weeks, encounters a young, pretty, and innocent young woman whos come from Boise, Idaho to be a new assistant, she wonders if she should take the issue to HR ( Matthew Macfadyen) even though her mountain of indirect evidence may not be good enough to prove misconduct. But overall, Jane quietly moves through a system largely devoid of kindness and empathy as everyone keeps their heads down, accepts that the boss is a tyrannical pervert, and goes about their day. Image via Bleecker Street Greens direction is immaculate as she paints the office is cold, harsh lighting and then permeates it with background noise of an office culture that is casually cruel and largely indifferent, especially towards women like Jane, because thats how its employees have learned to survive. The Assistant excels at dropping you into this environment to the point where I felt like I had been forced to work at an office job for a day. The movie makes the point to never be flashy with Garner giving a restrained, quietly intense performance where there really arent “big moments” because The Assistant knows thats now how this world operates. At no point is the pervert boss going to come out and announce to his employees that hes going to be using the couch in his office to sleep with aspiring actresses. It just happens in the background, everybody knows about it, and they stay silent because theres no mechanism for dealing with it. However, that helplessness and futility renders The Assistant largely inert. The biggest problem with The Assistant is you have it figured out in the first ten minutes and theres nowhere for it to go. This isnt really a story about how you push back against institutionalized barriers or how a predator is able to stay protected for so long. If you have any understanding of how this kind of environment works, its not surprising why someone like Jane and her cohorts just have to live with this crap. Were all aware of the banality of evil and The Assistant does little to add to the conversation. Green didnt need to make an uplifting story about fighting back against the system, but theres hardly any movement at all in The Assistant. Arguably, thats the point—its a fixed, closed system that insulated a predator—but you dont need a feature-length film to make us understand. Image via Sundance Perhaps if the film had been released at the height of Weinsteins powers, it could have been more eye-opening to show how someone like him operates. Of course, its not like Weinstein is the only bad actor in the world or that people like him dont exist in other industries, but The Assistant would have made more waves in 2014. In 2020 it feels late to the conversation and without much to add. We know why men like Weinstein are insulated and how they operate thanks to the excellent reporting of Jodi Kantor & Megan Twohey and Ronan Farrow. The Assistant will make you nod in recognition, but never offers any fresh insights. Rating: C+ The Assistant opens in limited release on January 31st. For more of our Sundance coverage, click on the links below: For more of our Sundance 2020 reviews, see below: Bad Hair Miss Americana.


The Assistant Movie watch the trailer. The Assistant Movie watch tv. Oooh topical. Better Research for Better Policy The Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) is the principal advisor to the Secretary of the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services on policy development, and is responsible for major activities in policy coordination, legislation development, strategic planning, policy research, evaluation, and economic analysis.

The assistant movie watch. The Assistant Movie watching. The Assistant Theatrical release poster Directed by Kitty Green Produced by James Schamus Scott Macaulay P Jennifer Dana Written by Kitty Green Starring Julia Garner Matthew Macfadyen Kristine Froseth Makenzie Leigh Noah Robbins Dagmara Domińczyk Purva Bedi Music by Tamar-kali Cinematography Michael Latham Production companies Symbolic Exchange 3311 Productions Distributed by Bleecker Street Release date August 30, 2019 ( Telluride) January 31, 2020 (United States) Running time 85 minutes [1] Country United States Language English Box office 84, 702 [2] The Assistant is an American drama film written and directed by Kitty Green and starring Julia Garner, Matthew Macfadyen, Kristine Froseth, Makenzie Leigh, Noah Robbins, Dagmara Domińczyk and Purva Bedi. It had its world premiere at the Telluride Film Festival on August 30, 2019. It was released on January 31, 2020, by Bleecker Street. Premise [ edit] A young female graduate enters a film production company, slowly understanding the shady behaviors and practices in use. Cast [ edit] Julia Garner as Jane Matthew Macfadyen as Wilcock Kristine Froseth as Sienna Makenzie Leigh as Ruby Noah Robbins as Male Assistant Dagmara Domińczyk as Donna Purva Bedi as Executive Assistant Production [ edit] In September 2018, it was announced Kitty Green would write and direct the film with James Schamus and Scott Macaulay producing under their Symbolic Exchange banner. [3] In December 2018, Julia Garner joined the cast of the film. [4] In April 2019, Matthew Macfadyen, Kristine Froseth, Makenzie Leigh, Noah Robbins, Dagmara Domińczyk and Purva Bedi joined the cast of the film. Production concluded that same month in New York City. [5] The film helps explain how sexually predatory behavior by powerful men often remains hidden. [6] Release [ edit] The Assistant had its world premiere at the Telluride Film Festival on August 30, 2019. [7] Shortly after, Bleecker Street acquired distribution rights to the film, and set it for a January 31, 2020, release. [8] Critical response [ edit] On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film holds an approval rating of 84% based on 49 reviews, with an average rating of 7. 2/10. The critical consensus reads, Led by a powerhouse performance from Julia Garner, The Assistant offers a withering critique of workplace harassment and systemic oppression. 9] On Metacritic, which assesses films on a score out of 100, The Assistant holds a score 72 based on reviews from 10 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews. 10] See also [ edit] Me Too movement Sexual harassment Michelle Obama's October 13, 2016 speech References [ edit] "Telluride Program Guide" PDF. Retrieved August 29, 2019. ^ The Assistant. Box Office Mojo. Retrieved February 2, 2020. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 7, 2018. Harvey Weinstein Assistant Feature In The Works From Kitty Green & James Schamus – Toronto. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 8, 2019. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (December 13, 2018. Harvey Weinstein Assistant Movie: Ozark' Star Julia Garner In Negotiations To Play Lead. Retrieved April 8, 2019. ^ Wiseman, Andreas (April 8, 2019. Harvey Weinstein Assistant Movie: Matthew Macfadyen, Kristine Froseth & Makenzie Leigh Join Kitty Green Pic. Retrieved April 8, 2019. ^ Chang, Justin (2020-01-28. The Assistant' Helps Explain How Predatory Behavior Stays Hidden. NPR. Retrieved 2020-01-28. ^ Hammond, Pete (August 29, 2019. Telluride Film Festival: Ford V Ferrari. Judy. Motherless Brooklyn' Weinstein-Inspired Drama 'The Assistant' Among Premieres Headed To 46th Edition – Full List. Retrieved August 29, 2019. ^ Hipes, Patrick (October 25, 2019. Harvey Weinstein-Inspired 'The Assistant' Acquired By Bleecker Street, Will Hit Theaters In January. Retrieved October 25, 2019. ^ The Assistant (2019. Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango. Retrieved January 31, 2020. ^ The Assistant Reviews. Metacritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved January 29, 2020. External links [ edit] The Assistant on IMDb.

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Not sure what this is about. The Assistant Movie watchers.

Looks entirely sad and heart warming. Gem

'Three christs' i had to tap on it wtf lol. The Assistant Movie watch. The Assistant First edition cover Author Bernard Malamud Cover artist Moshe Goygadosh Country United States Language English Publisher Farrar, Straus and Giroux Publication date 1957 Media type Print (hardback & paperback) Pages 246 ISBN 0-374-50484-9 (paperback, latest edition, 2003) OCLC 734832 Dewey Decimal 813. 54 22 LC Class PS3563. A4 A8 2003 Preceded by The Natural (1952)  Followed by The Magic Barrel (1958) The Assistant (1957) is Bernard Malamud 's second novel. Set in a working-class neighborhood of Brooklyn, New York, it explores the situation of first- and second-generation Americans in the early 1950s as experienced by three main characters and the relationships between them: an aging Jewish refugee from the Russian Empire who owns and operates a failing small grocery store, a young Italian American drifter trying to overcome a bad start in life by becoming the grocer's assistant and the grocer's daughter, who becomes romantically involved with her father's assistant despite parental objections and misgivings of her own. It was adapted into a film of the same name in 1997. Plot [ edit] Morris Bober, the 60-year-old proprietor of an old-fashioned grocery store, faces destitution as his customers abandon him in favor of more modernized shops. The situation is aggravated late one night when he's held up at gunpoint in his deserted store by a pair of masked thugs. The gunman beats him, leaving Bober with a debilitating head injury. Just at this time, Frank Alpine makes his appearance: a 25-year-old vagrant from the West Coast, raised in an orphanage after his father abandoned him. Leaving an abusive foster home to live as a drifter, he makes his way East in hopes of finding opportunities to turn his life around. (Later he berates himself for having had many opportunities but inevitably doing something to botch them. ) Frank begins to haunt Morris' store and offers to work without pay as his assistant, claiming that this will give him experience he can use in a future job search. The grocer, weakened by the assault and trying to recuperate without benefit of medical care, accepts and arranges for him to have room and board with the upstairs tenants, a young Italian-American couple, and provides him some pocket money. Only at this point is it revealed to the reader that Frank was the accomplice to the gunman in the holdup. Frank works industriously to improve the store's upkeep, and his attentive service wins customers. The resulting increased income is being supplemented by Frank's surreptitiously returning, in discreet amounts, his share of the holdup take. Simultaneously, however, he begins pilfering from the till. He justifies this to himself by claiming it as recompense for his contribution to the store's improved situation, and keeps an account of his petty theft with the intention of eventually returning it all. Morris and his wife Ida, the latter particularly uncomfortable with the gentile's presence, attribute the improvement to the customers' preferring one of their own. and Morris insists on offering Frank more money. During lulls in the work day the men's conversations touch upon philosophical and personal matters, and Frank privately struggles with his own ethical quandary. While Morris is notably tolerant of others, Ida is worried by the young Italyener' s proximity to the couple's 23-year-old daughter, Helen, single and living at home. Helen is courted by the sons of the only other two Jews in the neighborhood, both young men with good financial prospects, but her dreams of a better life include true love. She also aspires to higher education, but has set aside her own plans in order to take a job as a secretary, as her wages are needed to supplement the family's meager income from the store. Helen and Frank begin to notice each other, and a romance develops between them. They share an interest in books and discuss their dreams for the future. Their clandestine meetings grow in physical intimacy, yet at Helen's request stop short of intercourse. Just when she realizes she loves Frank and is committed to their relationship, Morris catches his assistant in the act of stealing. He dismisses Frank on the spot, despite the latter's confession and revelation that he "was paying it back. His confession to Morris of his role in the holdup will follow. When Frank arrives late to a rendezvous in the park initiated by Helen, he finds her being raped and rescues her. Helen is overcome by relief and clings to Frank, declaring her love for him. In his fear that he's bound to lose her when she learns of his thieving and dismissal, Frank forces himself upon her, despite her repeated protest. Disgusted with herself for ever having trusted him despite her initial misgivings, Helen curses Frank and refuses to see him again. Frank obsessively berates himself with remorse and contemplates ways to make things up to her. He apologizes to Helen profusely at every opportunity, smothering her with his need for redemption. Meanwhile, the prospects for the store have remained bleak due to several turns of events, and Morris considers desperate measures. When he is hospitalized after inhaling gas from a radiator he failed to light (claiming afterwards that this was not deliberate) Frank comes back to run the store over Ida's protests. Frank resolves to be a good person, stop stealing and somehow win back Helen's love. He takes on a second job at a diner. But, when Morris decides to leave his sick bed, he throws Frank out for good, or so he thinks. Morris grows anxious about his life—his wife is miserable, his daughter on her way to spinsterhood and his poor business no more than a prison. Morris turns down an arsonist's offer to burn his home and store for the insurance money, but then builds a fire himself. As the flames catch on his apron, Morris is saved by Frank. After being saved, Morris sends Frank away again. Then, through tragedy, things begin to look up for the Bobers. A competing grocer on the block falls on hard times, and Bober's store benefits. Then, one night, Ward Minogue breaks into the liquor store owned by Bober's rival, Karp. Minogue smashes liquor bottles, then he lights a cigarette. A tossed match starts a fire that burns the store and the apartment upstairs to the ground. Minogue dies attempting to escape the fire. Morris is ashamed that he wished for his rival's comeuppance. Even so, Karp, knowing that he will lose his business while it is being rebuilt, offers to buy out the Bobers. For a few brief days, they are happy. It is the last day of March and thick snow is falling. Morris, in a burst of energy, goes out to shovel the sidewalk, despite Ida's many objections. Still weak from the gas incident, he dies three days later of double pneumonia. Morris is remembered at his simple service as an honest man and a good Jew. But Frank and Helen are alienated. Frank returns to run the store while Helen and Ida mourn privately. Money from a second job allows Frank to pay rent to Ida but ruins his health. Frank then settles on a plan to clear his debt with Helen. He will give over all his earnings so that Helen can go to college. After several painful and awkward confrontations, Helen reinterprets the night that Frank sexually assaulted her, concluding that she would have given herself to Frank that night had not Ward Minogue attacked her. She softens towards Frank, forgiving him for raping her. As the book closes, Frank is working in the store. He studies Judaism. He gets a circumcision. And, after Passover, becomes a Jew. Literary significance & criticism [ edit] The novel has been included in Time magazine's "All-Time 100 Novels. 1] 2] Footnotes [ edit.

Looks funny.


The Assistant movie watch. In the opening minutes of The Assistant, Jane ( Ozark s Julia Garner) an entry-level employee at a well-known film production company, is on her hands and knees, cleaning her boss office in the predawn hours, before any other employees arrive. She gathers up used plates and cups for washing, wipes crumbs and white powder from a coffee table. She dons rubber gloves to spot-treat the sofa, the sickening suggestion of whats taken place there the night before hovering in the air. She lifts a stray earring from the carpet and tucks it away for safekeeping. The 800-lb. gorilla in the room is Harvey Weinstein, though a character like him never appears on screen. While Weinstein and men of his ilk have dominated much of the public conversation for the last two years, the story of The Assistant, which premiered at the Telluride Film Festival today, is not theirs. It belongs instead to Jane — and to the nearly 100 women writer-director Kitty Green interviewed while developing the film, whose experiences she melded to craft an intimate and often deeply uncomfortable portrait of one day in the life of a young, female employee. A documentarian best known for Casting JonBenet, which made a splash at Sundance two years ago, Green had been working on a different project — a film about sexual violence, power, and consent on college campuses — in October 2017, when the Weinstein news broke. Immediately, she shifted her focus to the film industry. She reached out to people whod worked at the Weinstein Company and Miramax, the Weinstein brothers first operation, then gradually expanded her probe to other Hollywood production companies, agencies, and studios. A former architecture student, she eventually began asking friends who work in architecture and engineering about their workplace experiences, too. As she closed in on six months of near-daily interviews, she realized something unsettling: Regardless of the industry the women worked in, their experience level, their age, the stories were all eerily similar. “I was seeing the same patterns emerge no matter who I spoke to, ” says Green. “I went to the UK, Australia, L. A., New York. I would hear a story from 20 years ago, from someone who worked in the UK for a predatory boss, and Id hear the same story, with almost exactly the same details — like, on a yacht, in a specific place — from somebody who worked in New York a year ago, just for a different boss. It was absurd. I thought, Im hearing the same thing over and over again, I think Im ready to commit this to paper. ” The resulting script — Greens first fully narrative feature — was light on dialogue but rich with atmospheric detail, offering a nuanced and highly specific picture of the microaggressions Jane must endure on a minute-by-minute basis at work. Though she is an aspiring producer with a degree from a prestigious university, she is saddled with menial, often domestic tasks, from serving food to watching after her boss children, handling any calls from his irate wife, and, in one stomach-turning scene, unpacking his latest shipment of erectile dysfunction drugs. “That was something common to a lot of people, the blurring of the lines between personal and professional, ” Green says. “Like the idea that babysitting the kids is part of the job, which is insane — youre in the film industry, why are you playing games with a child for half your day? But that is expected of you, because you are a woman. Theres this gendered division of labor I find really interesting. ” Even when other employees arrive to the office (a dim and unglamorous Tribeca building thats a dead ringer for the former Weinstein headquarters) conversation is mostly background noise, a pitter-patter of spot-on Hollywood jargon and references to industry hangouts, including a couple of hotels Weinstein was known to prefer for meetings with actresses. Our point of view is Janes and Janes alone as she silently weathers a steady drip of slights, particularly from two more senior, male assistants. In some cases, their condescension is obvious (chastising her for accidentally ordering turkey, instead of chicken, sandwiches) in others, it is disguised as charity, as when they both crowd over her chair, uninvited, to help her draft an apology email to her boss for some imagined infraction. They are simultaneously generous and intimidating, their mere physicality a kind of looming, unspoken threat. The film is a collection of small moments like this. There is no rape, no overtly outrageous incident. It is discrimination by a thousand paper cuts. “I was looking at toxic work environments, and the way that, if you let some bad behavior go, then they can push it a little further, ” Green says. “Its an entry point for misconduct, because if they can get away with X, can they get away with Y? ” The dynamic plays out more sharply with Janes boss, who alternately berates her over the phone and apologizes, doling out lame compliments, via email. Its textbook abuser behavior thats all too effective at getting ambitious young people, women in particular, to suffer for the promise of future success. “Theres a lot of carrot and stick, ” Green notes. “If the bosses are truly horrible, you just leave. But there are little things that you cling to, tiny reasons to get up out of bed and go back the next day. These [complimentary] emails, or a supportive colleague, or someone just noticing you at all. ” There is a sense throughout The Assistant that Jane, though shes just starting out in her chosen field, is being suffocated. She even, at one point, attempts to make a complaint with the companys head of human resources ( Succession s Matthew MacFayden) but she has such a difficult time describing what has upset her — offenses that are by their very nature nebulous — that she is swiftly discouraged, in devastating fashion, from filing any kind of report. It is yet another example of a system that should exist to protect women serving only to reinforce structural abuses. While it all sounds grim and maybe even hopeless, Greens aim with The Assistant is not to point the finger at any one person or group, but to spark a deeper conversation about issues surrounding workplace toxicity and gender discrimination. “When were looking at interrogating this system thats allowed women to be sidelined for so long, its not just men that are accountable, ” she says. “We all have to examine our role, women included. So much of the MeToo coverage was like, Oh, these few bad apples — we get rid of Harvey Weinstein and everything will be fixed. But the problem is bigger than that. Its systemic, its cultural, and we need to all ask how we can make it better, how we can improve on it, how we can see change — not just a few bad men. ”.

Is this a thriller or something? Because this literally details my experience in an entry level job. Home, Contact Us, Accessibility, Privacy Policies, Disclaimer, HHS Viewers & Players, HHS Plain Language Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (ASPR) 200 Independence Ave., SW, Washington, DC 20201 U. S. Department of Health and Human Services, in Other Languages.

The Assistant Movie. File a Complaint Below Mobile Accessories, Devices, or Other – Mobile plans, devices or service (poor quality product, software/app concerns, service quality, billing, refund policy, etc. ) Landline Telephone Devices or Services – Landline telephone devices or the services provided by a company, including billing, internet phone service and carrier switching Unwanted Text Messages – Unwanted text messages on a mobile device Something Else Internet Services – Online auctions, internet service providers, web design services, childrens online privacy, video/internet gaming and virtual reality, social networking, online payment services, or other general website issues Online Shopping – Merchandise ordered over the internet, issues related to the order, shipping or refund services provided by the company, or threats to post or threats to censor negative online reviews/feedback Computers – Concerns about malicious viruses (spyware/adware/malware) general hardware/software concerns for laptop and desktop computers Connected Devices – Connected devices such as a smartwatch, GPS, or smart home devices Automobile – Financing, renting, leasing, title loans, parts and services, or advertising Satellite and Cable TV Provider – Service or advertising of a satellite/cable TV product Books and Magazines – Concerns with a book or magazine subscription or content Grants or Scholarships – Government grants, personal grants, or educational scholarships Health and Fitness – Products, plans or services (including prescriptions, eye care, medical or weight loss treatments, fitness centers, and activity/fitness devices) Charitable Solicitations – Solicitation of funds by a charity or the promise of a gift for a donation Travel, Vacations, or Timeshares – Services or advertising related to travel (including hotels, cruises, and airlines) vacations, or timeshares Immigration or Tax Services – Fraudulent immigration or tax services (including green card lotteries or Notarios) Digital Media/Streaming – Complaints about the advertising, content or sales of digital entertainment as it is distributed and viewed on digital electronic devices (includes CD and DVD formats) Welcome to the FTC Complaint Assistant ⟵ Choose a category and then click a sub-category If you can't find the right sub-category, click "Something Else" Follow a few easy steps to submit your report Download/Print a copy of your report for your records Review our tips on the submission page If you have a complaint about how a company is handling your personal information, click privacy concerns. 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We all have our secrets, you just haven't found yours yet I felt that... I've never been so excited to watch a movie and it's Christian so. OMG I can not wait 🙌❤️✝️. The assistant movie with english subtitles. The Assistant Movie watch video. Watch the assistant movie online. The disgraced mogul never appears in director Kitty Green's harrowing real-time thriller, but his presence looms large in every frame. Julia Garner in “The Assistant” Ty Johnson In the first onscreen depiction of the man whose actions launched the #MeToo movement, the Boss, a Harvey Weinstein -like character who looms large in “ The Assistant, ” does not appear once. Instead, in Kitty Greens urgent real-time thriller, we see hints of his toxic behavior and furtive abuse through the eyes of a lowly assistant, who is always just outside the door or on the other side of the phone. “Ozark” breakout Julia Garner carries the film on her shoulders, in a role that is earning her much praise. The first official trailer for “The Assistant” offers a glimpse of a role that is sure to launch her career even further; she is timid but determined as she pieces together the unimaginable. Per the films official synopsis, it “follows one day in the life of Jane (Garner) a recent college graduate and aspiring film producer, who has recently landed her dream job as a junior assistant to a powerful entertainment mogul. Her day is much like any other assistants — making coffee, changing the paper in the copy machine, ordering lunch, arranging travel, taking phone messages, onboarding a new hire. As Jane follows her daily routine, she, and we, grow increasingly aware of the abuse that insidiously colors every aspect of her work day, an accumulation of degradations against which Jane decides to take a stand, only to discover the true depth of the system into which she has entered. ” In his B+ review out of this years Telluride Film Festival, where the film premiered, Eric Kohn wrote that the film has a “stunning performance at its center … theres no doubting the hypnotic power of a movie that digs inside Weinsteins harrowing reign and observes the mechanics that allowed it to last so long. A quiet work with major ambitions, ‘The Assistant is a significant cultural statement in cinematic form. ” Best known for the innovative true-crime documentary “Casting JonBenet, ” Greens first fiction feature utilizes her journalistic chops to imbue the thriller with an eerie sense of reality. “The Assistant” had its world premiere at the 2019 Telluride Film Festival to critical acclaim and will be released on January 31, 2020. The film will lead off Bleecker Streets 2020 release slate, following by “Ordinary Love” on February 14, Sally Potters untitled latest on March 13, “Military Wives” on March 27, and “Dream Horse” on May 1. Check out the unnerving trailer below. Sign Up: Stay on top of the latest breaking film and TV news! Sign up for our Email Newsletters here.

Crystal goes to the Assistant for a check up to try and find out why she has such a tummy ache! In the second video, the Assistant has to help Gekko from PJ Masks! Follow Us on Instagram. Follow us on Facebook! Check out some of these fun Playlists by TheEngineeringFamily The Assistant, Batboy Ryan, and Officer Smalls has lots of fun adventures. Adventures with the Assistant. Spooky Halloween inspired videos. The Adventures of the Assistant and Wiggles. Familyfun #Familyfunforeveryone #Theengineeringfamily.

The cynic in me says I've seen this movie before. But I'm rooting for Ben and Gavin O'Connor is a great director so I'm definitely interested. And who doesn't like a great comeback story. The assistant movie 2019 where to watch. Published on Mar 15, 2017 Help us find Paw Patrol! Please Subscribe Here. Check out our second channel. The Assistant and Mr. Engineer are deep in the ocean in this The Engineering Family outdoor adventure sea video! They are in serch of something super members of Nickelodeon's Paw Patrol! Stuck at sea The Assistant will race to find all of the members! Can she do it? Check out some of these other fun TheEngineeringFamily Treasure Hunts ASSISTANT TREASURE HUNT Paw Patrol Look Out Hunt + toysZootopia + Lion Guard Toys Surprise Video Or these Playlists! Funny Kids Videos. Featuring the Assistant. About The Engineering Family We are The Engineering Family, a family of educators working to show you how to make learning fun and engaging through toy unboxings, toy reviews, and original series designed to insight imaginative play within your family. With Mr. Engineer as an experienced engineer with a love of exploring new things, Mrs. Engineer an award winning teacher with a math and counseling focus, and their daughter The Assistant you can think of The Engineering channel as your imagination station. You can think of The Engineering Family channel as a Funbrain meets YouTube. This family is taking some of the coolest toys like Paw Patrol, Shimmer and Shine, Scooby Doo, PJ Masks, Doc Mcstuffins, and plenty of fun Real Life live action videos that help teach children valuable STEM content. As always. TheEngineeringFamily only features 100% suitable family fun entertainment. Check out the Adventures of The Assistant and Wiggles! It is our animated series featuring the Assistant, her Dog Wiggles, and science experiements. Familyfun #Familyfunforeveryone #Theengineeringfamily.

Watch the movie the perfect assistant. From this trailer alone im guessing the plot is that 'Cassandra' pretends to be drunk and the guys that try to take advantage of her because of it she kills/maims, because back in college she was kicked out/Left because she made a report that some guys took advantage of I'm guessing that 'Nina' maybe sister or friend? whoever it seems like she didn't go with her when they said they would take her home? and they didn't take action/brushed it off, and so she's targeting guys who do this and it leads up to her finding those guys again (maybe a reunion thing? and she targets them. Here's a plot point/twist I'm guessing might happen: Cassandra' was the one who was taken advantage of, and this main character we see is 'Nina' her twin sister, who's revenge killing people that acted like those guys in college because it led to her sister dying/suicide, so she's pretending to be her sister 'cassie' in their presence.

Enter the characters you see below Sorry, we just need to make sure you're not a robot. For best results, please make sure your browser is accepting cookies. Type the characters you see in this image: Try different image Conditions of Use Privacy Policy 1996-2014, Inc. or its affiliates. Starring: Alexander Chaplin, Bregje Heinen, Clara Wong, Dagmara Dominczyk, Devon Caraway, Jonny Orsini, Julia Garner, Juliana Canfield, Kristine Froseth, Lou Martini Jr., Makenzie Leigh, Matthew Macfadyen, Noah Robbins, Purva Bedi, Stéphanye Dussud Summary: The Assistant follows one day in the life of Jane (Julia Garner) a recent college graduate and aspiring film producer, who has recently landed her dream job as a junior assistant to a powerful entertainment mogul. Her day is much like any other assistants – making coffee, changing the paper in the copy machine, ordering lunch, arranging The Assistant follows one day in the life of Jane (Julia Garner) a recent college graduate and aspiring film producer, who has recently landed her dream job as a junior assistant to a powerful entertainment mogul. Her day is much like any other assistants – making coffee, changing the paper in the copy machine, ordering lunch, arranging travel, taking phone messages, onboarding a new hire. But as Jane follows her daily routine, she, and we, grow increasingly aware of the abuse that insidiously colors every aspect of her work day, an accumulation of degradations against which Jane decides to take a stand, only to discover the true depth of the system into which she has entered … Expand Genre(s) Drama Rating: Not Rated Runtime: 85 min.

The Assistant Movie watch dogs. New Bond film. Madeleine Swann: Haha, I'm in danger. Logan writes in: I got a call for a 1 week job at 165 for 12hrs. Then, two hours later, I got a call for […] Jack asked a question while we were editing his resume: Is it worth putting any online education that is related to production. We get to […] Pam writes in: I have a question about something that happens to me on sets and in offices sometimes, but I never know how to […] Another question came in over Twitter, as a sort of follow-up to the sudden cancellation of Roseanne: Are you an idiot for spending money knowing […] AltSnacks sent a question over Twitter about Twitter: Is it bad etiquette even in the twitter age for any below the line people to publicly […] Zack writes in about taking days off in the middle of a production: I am about to start work as an Office PA on a […] If youre new to the business, walkie talkie lingo can be daunting to get used to. “Im going 10-1, ” “Copy, ” and “Go to 2” are […] This is a sponsored post about a free Production Assistant Masterclass. You may have noticed I dont do a lot of sponsored content; thats because […] Jim writes in about how he should handle varying credits on his resume– Its a pretty random career so far. Ive held positions in the […] Lauren tweeted a question at me: TheAnonymousPA Hey TAPA this might be a dumb question but Im just starting to get more professional gigs. When [….

Top music YouTube channels fans love! Music has found a new medium today thanks to the YouTube channels. It has become easy for budding musicians and artists to use the YouTube for sharing art to their countrymen or even to the world. Canadian music lovers are coming across scores of musicians who are making waves in the present days. Let us check out the top music channels on YouTube in Canada drawing Canadians. Start pursuing your dreamed music career Sometimes we need to push harder in order to succeed in the things we like. However, our passion for music can drive us to do incredible things; like creating your own music, for example. So, do we share the same passion in common? If your passion is music and you want to become the next star in the music industry, then you can follow with these steps. Top Canadian celebrities in 2018 Canada is well known for many things, but lately, it has been known for upbringing fantastic musician and artists that have broken records and everyone expectations. Do you want to know what the best artists in Canada are right now? We have listed down this name based on popularity, hot ranking appearance, and overall fame. How to start a band Creating a band may sound straightforward, but you will get lost or even not creating a band altogether if you do not create and stick with a plan. If you are not planning right, and you ended up starting a band desperately, you will find yourself in an infinite loophole. You will be replacing members of the band continually, what instruments will play every member and even the style you guys are approaching. A look through the top music video networks in Canada To the regular television viewer, music video networks and channels are nothing new. We have been watching VH1, MTV and Channel V for long enough to know what it is. Besides that, in Canada too, there are top music video networks quite popular and ideally promoting Canadian music to the world beyond. Superb music channels in the US have always existed, but besides these, there are top music networks in Canada to gain fame in the US. Let us check out a few of the top best Canadian music video networks.

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The personal flag used by Assistant Secretaries of the Navy. Assistant Secretary of the Navy ( ASN) is the title given to certain civilian senior officials in the United States Department of the Navy. From 1861 to 1954, the Assistant Secretary of the Navy was the second highest civilian office in the Department of the Navy (reporting to the United States Secretary of the Navy. That role has since been supplanted by the office of Under Secretary of the Navy and the office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy has been abolished. There have, however, been a number of offices bearing the phrase "Assistant Secretary of the Navy" in their title (see below for details. At present, there are four Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, each of whom reports to and assists the Secretary of the Navy and the Under Secretary of the Navy: Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisition) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment) The General Counsel of the Navy is equivalent in rank to the four Assistant Secretaries. History [ edit] The Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy was established in 1861, to provide a senior deputy to the Secretary. The Assistant Secretary was responsible for the Navy's civilian personnel, as well as for administration of shore facilities (such as naval bases and shipyards. Gustavus Fox was the first to hold the post, serving throughout the Civil War. The office was disestablished in 1869, during Reconstruction, but was reestablished by Congress on July 11, 1890. James R. Soley was the first to be appointed to the newly reestablished position. The Assistant Secretary was the Navy's number-two civilian until 1940, when Congress established the position of Under Secretary of the Navy, who was given oversight of the Assistant Secretary's activities. James V. Forrestal, later Secretary of Defense, was the first to serve as Under Secretary; he held the post until 1944, when he became Secretary of the Navy. During the 20th century, the responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary were divided among several officials. During the 1920s, for example, to reflect the increasing importance of naval aviation, Congress established the position of Assistant Secretary of the Navy for Air. The office of Assistant Secretary of the Navy was disestablished in 1954. [1] Famous Assistant Secretaries of the Navy [ edit] U. S. President Theodore Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy from 1897–1898, during the William McKinley administration. U. President Franklin D. Roosevelt served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy from 1913 until 1920, and helped to implement Navy policies during World War I. According to author Edward J. Renehan, Jr., no less than five members of the extended Roosevelt clan served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy: Theodore Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt Jr. who served from 1921 through 1924 under Harding and Coolidge, Theodore Douglas Robinson (the son of Corinne Roosevelt) who served from 1924 through 1929 under Coolidge, and finally Henry Latrobe Roosevelt, a descendant of Robert Fulton 's old friend "Steamboat Nicholas" Roosevelt, who served from 1933 through 1936 under FDR. [2] Ralph Austin Bard was Assistant Secretary (1941–1944) and then Under Secretary (1944–1945) during World War II. Assistant Secretaries of the Navy, 1861-1954 [3. edit] Picture Name Assumed Office Left Office President Appointed By Secretary Served Under Gustavus Fox August 1, 1861 November 26, 1866 Abraham Lincoln Gideon Welles William Faxon June 1, 1866 March 3, 1869 Andrew Johnson Gideon Welles, Adolph Edward Borie, George Maxwell Robeson, Richard Wigginton Thompson, Nathan Goff, Jr., William Henry Hunt, William Eaton Chandler, William Collins Whitney James R. Soley July 18, 1890 March 19, 1893 Benjamin Harrison Benjamin Franklin Tracy William McAdoo March 20, 1893 April 18, 1897 Grover Cleveland Hilary Abner Herbert Theodore Roosevelt April 19, 1897 May 10, 1898 William McKinley John Davis Long Charles Herbert Allen May 11, 1898 April 21, 1900 Frank W. Hackett April 24, 1900 December 16, 1901 Charles Hial Darling December 17, 1901 October 30, 1905 John Davis Long, William Henry Moody, Paul Morton, Charles Joseph Bonaparte Truman Handy Newberry November 1, 1905 November 30, 1908 Charles Joseph Bonaparte, Victor Howard Metcalf Herbert L. Satterlee December 3, 1908 March 5, 1909 Beekman Winthrop March 6, 1909 March 16, 1913 William Howard Taft George von Lengerke Meyer Franklin D. Roosevelt March 17, 1913 August 26, 1920 Woodrow Wilson Josephus Daniels Gordon Woodbury August 27, 1920 March 9, 1921 Theodore Roosevelt Jr. March 10, 1921 September 30, 1924 Warren Harding Edwin Denby Theodore Douglas Robinson November 11, 1924 March 4, 1929 Calvin Coolidge Curtis Dwight Wilbur Ernest L. Jahncke April 1, 1929 March 17, 1933 Herbert Hoover Charles Francis Adams III Henry L. Roosevelt February 22, 1936 Claude Augustus Swanson Charles Edison January 18, 1937 January 1, 1940 Lewis Compton February 9, 1940 January 10, 1941 Ralph Austin Bard February 24, 1941 June 24, 1944 William Franklin Knox H. Struve Hensel January 30, 1945 February 28, 1946 Harry S. Truman James Vincent Forrestal W. John Kenney March 1, 1946 September 19, 1947 Mark E. Andrews January 21, 1948 February 15, 1949 John L. Sullivan John T. Koehler February 18, 1949 October 3, 1951 Francis P. Matthews Herbert R. Askins January 20, 1953 Dan A. Kimball Raymond H. Fogler June 22, 1953 October 4, 1954 Dwight D. Eisenhower Robert B. Anderson, Charles S. Thomas Defunct Offices Bearing the Title of "Assistant Secretary of the Navy. edit] Office Name Year Created Year Abolished Assistant Secretary of the Navy (AIR) 1926 1959 Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Logistics) ca. 1960s? ca. 1970s? Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Material) ca. 1950s? Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research and Development) 1977 Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Engineering and Systems) 1990 Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Shipbuilding and Logistics) See also [ edit] Secretary of the Navy United States Department of the Navy External links [ edit] 80. 3. 1 Records of the Office of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy General Records of the Department of the Navy, 1798-1947 (Record Group 80) 1804-1958, from the U. National Archives and Records Administration Naval Historical Center, Washington, D. C. Source for papers and photos of various Assistant Secretaries of the Navy Navy Organization – The Secretariat An organizational chart for the Office of the Secretary of the Navy, Dept. of the Navy References [ edit.

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